Identical clonality of sporadic gastrinomas at multiple sites.Cancer Res. 2000 Jan 01; 60(1):60-3.CR
Gastrinomas are neuroendocrine neoplasms that occur sporadically and in patients with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1). In MEN1, multiple gastrinomas have been shown to arise by independent clonal events (Debelenko, et al., Cancer Res., 57: 2238-2243, 1997). The purpose of the present study was to analyze clonality in 20 sporadic gastrinomas from eight patients in whom the tumor was present in at least two separate sites. A combination of methods was used to assess clonality, including MEN1 gene mutation analysis, loss of heterozygosity analysis of the MEN1 locus, and analysis of X-chromosome inactivation at the human androgen receptor locus (human androgen receptor analysis). In three patients, a somantic MEN1 gene mutation was detected in the tumor. Identical mutations were found in other tumors at different sites within the same patients. Human androgen receptor analysis in three informative patients and loss of heterozygosity analysis in five patients revealed identical clonal patterns in the tumors from multiple sites in each patient. We conclude that sporadic gastrinomas at multiple sites are monoclonal and that MEN1 gene alterations in gastrinomas occur before the development of tumor metastases.