LMP2 polymorphism is associated with extraspinal disease in HLA-B27 negative Caucasian and Mexican Mestizo patients with ankylosing spondylitis.J Rheumatol. 2000 Jan; 27(1):183-9.JR
To determine the effects of HLA Class II genes, particularly LMP2 and previously implicated Class I genes, on susceptibility and disease expression in HLA-B27 negative ankylosing spondylitis (AS).
Patients included 41 HLA-B27 negative Caucasians from a total AS population of 546 and 17 HLA-B27 negative Mexican Mestizo. Controls included 4352 random HLA-B27 negative Caucasians. LMP2 genotype assignments were made on all patients and 282 random Caucasian controls by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism with the Cfo I restriction enzyme while HLA typing was performed on patients and controls using microcytotoxicity assays for Class I, and sequence specific probe-PCR for HLA-B60, B39, B38, and DR.
The LMP2BB genotype was significantly decreased in Caucasian AS patients without extraspinal (ES) disease (25%) compared to AS patients with ES (64.7%) (p = 0.01) and random Caucasian controls (53.9%) (p = 0.007), even when those with colitis and psoriasis were excluded from analysis (ES+ 55.6% versus ES- 22.2%). This finding remained significant after stratification by HLA-DR. Similar trends were noted in the Mexican population. A potential role for HLA-DR8 and DR2 in susceptibility to disease was observed in Caucasian patients, although this observation requires confirmation. We could not confirm reported associations with HLA-B60 or B39. Peripheral arthritis was significantly more commonly observed in those who had had acute anterior uveitis (AAU) (75%) than in those who had not developed AAU (27.3%) (p = 0.04).
HLA Class II encoded genes may have effects on disease susceptibility and/or phenotype in HLA-B27 negative individuals similar to those noted in HLA-B27 positive AS. Eccentric and axial phenotypes of disease may be immunogenetically determined.