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Nutritional properties of trans fatty acids.
Indian J Biochem Biophys 1999; 36(4):211-20IJ

Abstract

The role of trans fatty acids (TFA) present in partially hydrogenated fats widely consumed in food and their link with coronary heart disease has been examined in this review. Most of the studies carried out have been on the effects of TFA on blood-lipid profile. The perceived effects of TFA intake depend on the fat or oil with which they are compared and appears to be in between that of dietary saturated fats and monounsaturated fatty acids. When compared to saturated fat, TFA intake shows lower levels of total and LDL-cholesterol in blood. But when both TFA and saturated fatty acids are compared with cis fatty acids or native unhydrogenated oil, increase in total and LDL-cholesterol are noted. The effects of TFA on HDL-cholesterol and Lp(a) are not clearly established. The undesirable effects of TFA can be overcome by inclusion of essential fatty acids at a minimum of 2 energy per cent level in the diet. The link between trans fatty acid intake and coronary heart disease (CHD) are not unequivocally established.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Biochemistry and Nutrition, Central Food Technological Research Institute, Mysore, India.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

10650721

Citation

Sambaiah, K, and B R. Lokesh. "Nutritional Properties of Trans Fatty Acids." Indian Journal of Biochemistry & Biophysics, vol. 36, no. 4, 1999, pp. 211-20.
Sambaiah K, Lokesh BR. Nutritional properties of trans fatty acids. Indian J Biochem Biophys. 1999;36(4):211-20.
Sambaiah, K., & Lokesh, B. R. (1999). Nutritional properties of trans fatty acids. Indian Journal of Biochemistry & Biophysics, 36(4), pp. 211-20.
Sambaiah K, Lokesh BR. Nutritional Properties of Trans Fatty Acids. Indian J Biochem Biophys. 1999;36(4):211-20. PubMed PMID: 10650721.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Nutritional properties of trans fatty acids. AU - Sambaiah,K, AU - Lokesh,B R, PY - 2000/1/29/pubmed PY - 2000/2/19/medline PY - 2000/1/29/entrez SP - 211 EP - 20 JF - Indian journal of biochemistry & biophysics JO - Indian J. Biochem. Biophys. VL - 36 IS - 4 N2 - The role of trans fatty acids (TFA) present in partially hydrogenated fats widely consumed in food and their link with coronary heart disease has been examined in this review. Most of the studies carried out have been on the effects of TFA on blood-lipid profile. The perceived effects of TFA intake depend on the fat or oil with which they are compared and appears to be in between that of dietary saturated fats and monounsaturated fatty acids. When compared to saturated fat, TFA intake shows lower levels of total and LDL-cholesterol in blood. But when both TFA and saturated fatty acids are compared with cis fatty acids or native unhydrogenated oil, increase in total and LDL-cholesterol are noted. The effects of TFA on HDL-cholesterol and Lp(a) are not clearly established. The undesirable effects of TFA can be overcome by inclusion of essential fatty acids at a minimum of 2 energy per cent level in the diet. The link between trans fatty acid intake and coronary heart disease (CHD) are not unequivocally established. SN - 0301-1208 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/10650721/Nutritional_properties_of_trans_fatty_acids_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/nutrition.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -