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Epidemic diphtheria in the Kyrgyz Republic, 1994-1998.
J Infect Dis. 2000 Feb; 181 Suppl 1:S98-S103.JI

Abstract

The Kyrgyz Republic experienced a widespread diphtheria epidemic during 1994-1998. National diphtheria surveillance and vaccination coverage information were used to describe the course of the epidemic. The epidemic began in August 1994, reached a peak in 1995 with 704 cases (incidence rate: 15.4/100,000 population) and 30 deaths, and declined to an incidence rate of 4.0/100,000 during the first 8 months of 1998. Age-specific incidence was highest in 1995 among persons 15-19 and 20-29 years old. Three rounds of mass vaccination with tetanus and diphtheria toxoids for adult use (Td) were conducted; reported coverage was 69% in 1995 and >95% in 1996 and 1997. Reported routine vaccination coverage with three doses of diphtheria toxoid by age 12 months increased from 62% in 1989 to 98% in 1997. Mass vaccination of the adult population with Td and improvements in childhood vaccination coverage played a major role in controlling the epidemic.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Deputy's Office, Ministry of Health, Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

10657199

Citation

Glinyenko, V M., et al. "Epidemic Diphtheria in the Kyrgyz Republic, 1994-1998." The Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol. 181 Suppl 1, 2000, pp. S98-S103.
Glinyenko VM, Abdikarimov ST, Firsova SN, et al. Epidemic diphtheria in the Kyrgyz Republic, 1994-1998. J Infect Dis. 2000;181 Suppl 1:S98-S103.
Glinyenko, V. M., Abdikarimov, S. T., Firsova, S. N., Sagamonjan, E. A., Kadirova, R., Nuorti, J. P., & Strebel, P. M. (2000). Epidemic diphtheria in the Kyrgyz Republic, 1994-1998. The Journal of Infectious Diseases, 181 Suppl 1, S98-S103.
Glinyenko VM, et al. Epidemic Diphtheria in the Kyrgyz Republic, 1994-1998. J Infect Dis. 2000;181 Suppl 1:S98-S103. PubMed PMID: 10657199.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Epidemic diphtheria in the Kyrgyz Republic, 1994-1998. AU - Glinyenko,V M, AU - Abdikarimov,S T, AU - Firsova,S N, AU - Sagamonjan,E A, AU - Kadirova,R, AU - Nuorti,J P, AU - Strebel,P M, PY - 2000/2/5/pubmed PY - 2000/4/15/medline PY - 2000/2/5/entrez SP - S98 EP - S103 JF - The Journal of infectious diseases JO - J. Infect. Dis. VL - 181 Suppl 1 N2 - The Kyrgyz Republic experienced a widespread diphtheria epidemic during 1994-1998. National diphtheria surveillance and vaccination coverage information were used to describe the course of the epidemic. The epidemic began in August 1994, reached a peak in 1995 with 704 cases (incidence rate: 15.4/100,000 population) and 30 deaths, and declined to an incidence rate of 4.0/100,000 during the first 8 months of 1998. Age-specific incidence was highest in 1995 among persons 15-19 and 20-29 years old. Three rounds of mass vaccination with tetanus and diphtheria toxoids for adult use (Td) were conducted; reported coverage was 69% in 1995 and >95% in 1996 and 1997. Reported routine vaccination coverage with three doses of diphtheria toxoid by age 12 months increased from 62% in 1989 to 98% in 1997. Mass vaccination of the adult population with Td and improvements in childhood vaccination coverage played a major role in controlling the epidemic. SN - 0022-1899 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/10657199/Epidemic_diphtheria_in_the_Kyrgyz_Republic_1994_1998_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/jid/article-lookup/doi/10.1086/315547 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -