Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Significant improvement of apolipoprotein B-containing lipoprotein metabolism by insulin treatment in patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.
Diabetologia. 2000 Jan; 43(1):27-35.D

Abstract

AIMS/HYPOTHESIS

Patients with Type II (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus have multiple abnormalities in apolipoprotein B (apoB)-containing lipoprotein metabolism. These abnormalities are likely to play an important part in the development of premature atherogenesis in these patients. This stable isotope kinetic experiment was designed to study the effect of insulin therapy on apoB metabolism in poorly controlled Type II diabetic patients.

METHODS

Using L-[1-13C] leucine, we studied apoB metabolism in five control subjects without insulin resistance and in six poorly controlled Type II diabetic patients before and 2 months after the introduction of insulin therapy.

RESULTS

Insulin treatment induced a decrease of very low density lipoprotein apoB plasma concentration [121 +/- 42 vs 158 +/- 91 mg.l-1, p < 0.05 (control subjects: 48 +/- 20)], related to an increased catabolism of very low density lipoprotein towards intermediate density lipoprotein or low density lipoprotein [0.20 +/- 0.08 vs 0.14 +/- 0.07 pool.h-1, p < 0.05 (control subjects: 0.36 +/- 0.10)]. On the other hand, insulin treatment induced an acceleration of intermediate density lipoprotein apoB turn-over without changing its plasma concentration [77 +/- 37 vs 61 +/- 18 mg.l-1, (control subjects: 17 +/- 3)], by increasing both its production rate [22.6 +/- 9.2 vs 18.2 +/- 9.6 mg.l-1.h-1, p < 0.05 (control subjects: 18.4 +/- 3.2)] and its catabolic rate towards low density lipoprotein [0.34 +/- 0.22 vs 0.22 +/- 0.16 pool.h-1, p < 0.05 (control subjects: 1.02 +/- 0.13)]. Likewise, insulin treatment increased low density lipoprotein apoB production rate [20.2 +/- 7.4 vs 16.9 +/- 7.7 mg.l-1.h-1, p < 0.05 (control subjects: 16.9 +/- 2.3)] and restored a normal low density lipoprotein apoB fractional catabolic rate [0.022 +/- 0.004 vs 0.018 +/- 0.004 pool.h-1, p < 0.05 (control subjects: 0.025 +/- 0.004)], resulting in a constant low density lipoprotein apoB plasma concentration [965 +/- 485 vs 984 +/- 558 mg.l-1 (control subjects: 699 +/- 106)].

CONCLUSION/INTERPRETATION

Insulin treatment in Type II diabetes induces profound metabolic modifications of lipoprotein, resulting in significant decrease of the intravascular residence time of very low density lipoprotein, intermediate density lipoprotein and low density lipoprotein particles. This is likely to make these particles less harmful.

Authors+Show Affiliations

INSERM U 498, Faculty of Medicine, Dijon, France.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

10663213

Citation

Duvillard, L, et al. "Significant Improvement of Apolipoprotein B-containing Lipoprotein Metabolism By Insulin Treatment in Patients With Non-insulin-dependent Diabetes Mellitus." Diabetologia, vol. 43, no. 1, 2000, pp. 27-35.
Duvillard L, Pont F, Florentin E, et al. Significant improvement of apolipoprotein B-containing lipoprotein metabolism by insulin treatment in patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Diabetologia. 2000;43(1):27-35.
Duvillard, L., Pont, F., Florentin, E., Gambert, P., & Vergès, B. (2000). Significant improvement of apolipoprotein B-containing lipoprotein metabolism by insulin treatment in patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Diabetologia, 43(1), 27-35.
Duvillard L, et al. Significant Improvement of Apolipoprotein B-containing Lipoprotein Metabolism By Insulin Treatment in Patients With Non-insulin-dependent Diabetes Mellitus. Diabetologia. 2000;43(1):27-35. PubMed PMID: 10663213.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Significant improvement of apolipoprotein B-containing lipoprotein metabolism by insulin treatment in patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. AU - Duvillard,L, AU - Pont,F, AU - Florentin,E, AU - Gambert,P, AU - Vergès,B, PY - 2000/2/9/pubmed PY - 2000/3/4/medline PY - 2000/2/9/entrez SP - 27 EP - 35 JF - Diabetologia JO - Diabetologia VL - 43 IS - 1 N2 - AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Patients with Type II (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus have multiple abnormalities in apolipoprotein B (apoB)-containing lipoprotein metabolism. These abnormalities are likely to play an important part in the development of premature atherogenesis in these patients. This stable isotope kinetic experiment was designed to study the effect of insulin therapy on apoB metabolism in poorly controlled Type II diabetic patients. METHODS: Using L-[1-13C] leucine, we studied apoB metabolism in five control subjects without insulin resistance and in six poorly controlled Type II diabetic patients before and 2 months after the introduction of insulin therapy. RESULTS: Insulin treatment induced a decrease of very low density lipoprotein apoB plasma concentration [121 +/- 42 vs 158 +/- 91 mg.l-1, p < 0.05 (control subjects: 48 +/- 20)], related to an increased catabolism of very low density lipoprotein towards intermediate density lipoprotein or low density lipoprotein [0.20 +/- 0.08 vs 0.14 +/- 0.07 pool.h-1, p < 0.05 (control subjects: 0.36 +/- 0.10)]. On the other hand, insulin treatment induced an acceleration of intermediate density lipoprotein apoB turn-over without changing its plasma concentration [77 +/- 37 vs 61 +/- 18 mg.l-1, (control subjects: 17 +/- 3)], by increasing both its production rate [22.6 +/- 9.2 vs 18.2 +/- 9.6 mg.l-1.h-1, p < 0.05 (control subjects: 18.4 +/- 3.2)] and its catabolic rate towards low density lipoprotein [0.34 +/- 0.22 vs 0.22 +/- 0.16 pool.h-1, p < 0.05 (control subjects: 1.02 +/- 0.13)]. Likewise, insulin treatment increased low density lipoprotein apoB production rate [20.2 +/- 7.4 vs 16.9 +/- 7.7 mg.l-1.h-1, p < 0.05 (control subjects: 16.9 +/- 2.3)] and restored a normal low density lipoprotein apoB fractional catabolic rate [0.022 +/- 0.004 vs 0.018 +/- 0.004 pool.h-1, p < 0.05 (control subjects: 0.025 +/- 0.004)], resulting in a constant low density lipoprotein apoB plasma concentration [965 +/- 485 vs 984 +/- 558 mg.l-1 (control subjects: 699 +/- 106)]. CONCLUSION/INTERPRETATION: Insulin treatment in Type II diabetes induces profound metabolic modifications of lipoprotein, resulting in significant decrease of the intravascular residence time of very low density lipoprotein, intermediate density lipoprotein and low density lipoprotein particles. This is likely to make these particles less harmful. SN - 0012-186X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/10663213/Significant_improvement_of_apolipoprotein_B_containing_lipoprotein_metabolism_by_insulin_treatment_in_patients_with_non_insulin_dependent_diabetes_mellitus_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1007/s001250050004 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -