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Obesity: prevalence and considerations in oral and maxillofacial surgery.

Abstract

PURPOSE

This article examines the prevalence of obesity in an urban hospital-based office population and describes the associated health risks and systemic complications.

PATIENTS AND METHODS

A total of 225 randomly selected patient charts were reviewed. The patients' height and weight were recorded, and a body mass index (BMI) was calculated. Patients were considered to have a normal weight with a BMI between 20 and 24.9 kg/m2, to be overweight with a BMI between 25 and 29.9 kg/m2, and to be obese with a BMI of 30 kg/m2 or greater. Comparisons between sex, age, and race were examined.

RESULTS

Eighty-five males and 140 females were included in the study. The ages ranged from 9 to 86 years, with a mean age of 37.4+/-16.4 years. The BMIs ranged from 13.9 to 57.7 kg/m2, with a mean BMI of 26.5+/-6.8 kg/m2. Over half (51%) of the population studied was overweight, and 23% were obese. Forty-three percent of males were considered overweight, and 18.8% of males were obese. Women tended to be more overweight: 55.7% of women were overweight and 25.7% were obese. The African-American females had mean BMIs that were considered overweight in all age-groups and obese in most age-groups, which included the less than 29-year-old and over 50-year-old groups. Caucasian females had normal mean BMIs at all ages except for the 30- to 39-year-old and 40- to 49-year-old groups.

CONCLUSION

The increasing prevalence of overweight and obese populations has several considerations in oral and maxillofacial surgery. The associated health risks and increased morbidity and mortality pose a serious threat to the patient being treated in an outpatient setting.

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  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA. kempers@micron.net

    ,

    Source

    MeSH

    Adolescent
    Adult
    Age Distribution
    Aged
    Ambulatory Surgical Procedures
    Body Mass Index
    Child
    Female
    Humans
    Male
    Middle Aged
    Obesity
    Oral Surgical Procedures
    Prevalence
    Random Allocation
    Retrospective Studies
    Risk Factors
    Sex Distribution
    Urban Population

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    10670591

    Citation

    Kempers, K G., et al. "Obesity: Prevalence and Considerations in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery." Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery : Official Journal of the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons, vol. 58, no. 2, 2000, pp. 137-43.
    Kempers KG, Foote JW, DiFlorio-Brennan T. Obesity: prevalence and considerations in oral and maxillofacial surgery. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2000;58(2):137-43.
    Kempers, K. G., Foote, J. W., & DiFlorio-Brennan, T. (2000). Obesity: prevalence and considerations in oral and maxillofacial surgery. Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery : Official Journal of the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons, 58(2), pp. 137-43.
    Kempers KG, Foote JW, DiFlorio-Brennan T. Obesity: Prevalence and Considerations in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2000;58(2):137-43. PubMed PMID: 10670591.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Obesity: prevalence and considerations in oral and maxillofacial surgery. AU - Kempers,K G, AU - Foote,J W, AU - DiFlorio-Brennan,T, PY - 2000/2/12/pubmed PY - 2000/2/26/medline PY - 2000/2/12/entrez SP - 137 EP - 43 JF - Journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery : official journal of the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons JO - J. Oral Maxillofac. Surg. VL - 58 IS - 2 N2 - PURPOSE: This article examines the prevalence of obesity in an urban hospital-based office population and describes the associated health risks and systemic complications. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 225 randomly selected patient charts were reviewed. The patients' height and weight were recorded, and a body mass index (BMI) was calculated. Patients were considered to have a normal weight with a BMI between 20 and 24.9 kg/m2, to be overweight with a BMI between 25 and 29.9 kg/m2, and to be obese with a BMI of 30 kg/m2 or greater. Comparisons between sex, age, and race were examined. RESULTS: Eighty-five males and 140 females were included in the study. The ages ranged from 9 to 86 years, with a mean age of 37.4+/-16.4 years. The BMIs ranged from 13.9 to 57.7 kg/m2, with a mean BMI of 26.5+/-6.8 kg/m2. Over half (51%) of the population studied was overweight, and 23% were obese. Forty-three percent of males were considered overweight, and 18.8% of males were obese. Women tended to be more overweight: 55.7% of women were overweight and 25.7% were obese. The African-American females had mean BMIs that were considered overweight in all age-groups and obese in most age-groups, which included the less than 29-year-old and over 50-year-old groups. Caucasian females had normal mean BMIs at all ages except for the 30- to 39-year-old and 40- to 49-year-old groups. CONCLUSION: The increasing prevalence of overweight and obese populations has several considerations in oral and maxillofacial surgery. The associated health risks and increased morbidity and mortality pose a serious threat to the patient being treated in an outpatient setting. SN - 0278-2391 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/10670591/Obesity:_prevalence_and_considerations_in_oral_and_maxillofacial_surgery_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0278-2391(00)90326-4 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -