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Obesity: prevalence and considerations in oral and maxillofacial surgery.
J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2000 Feb; 58(2):137-43.JO

Abstract

PURPOSE

This article examines the prevalence of obesity in an urban hospital-based office population and describes the associated health risks and systemic complications.

PATIENTS AND METHODS

A total of 225 randomly selected patient charts were reviewed. The patients' height and weight were recorded, and a body mass index (BMI) was calculated. Patients were considered to have a normal weight with a BMI between 20 and 24.9 kg/m2, to be overweight with a BMI between 25 and 29.9 kg/m2, and to be obese with a BMI of 30 kg/m2 or greater. Comparisons between sex, age, and race were examined.

RESULTS

Eighty-five males and 140 females were included in the study. The ages ranged from 9 to 86 years, with a mean age of 37.4+/-16.4 years. The BMIs ranged from 13.9 to 57.7 kg/m2, with a mean BMI of 26.5+/-6.8 kg/m2. Over half (51%) of the population studied was overweight, and 23% were obese. Forty-three percent of males were considered overweight, and 18.8% of males were obese. Women tended to be more overweight: 55.7% of women were overweight and 25.7% were obese. The African-American females had mean BMIs that were considered overweight in all age-groups and obese in most age-groups, which included the less than 29-year-old and over 50-year-old groups. Caucasian females had normal mean BMIs at all ages except for the 30- to 39-year-old and 40- to 49-year-old groups.

CONCLUSION

The increasing prevalence of overweight and obese populations has several considerations in oral and maxillofacial surgery. The associated health risks and increased morbidity and mortality pose a serious threat to the patient being treated in an outpatient setting.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA. kempers@micron.netNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

10670591

Citation

Kempers, K G., et al. "Obesity: Prevalence and Considerations in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery." Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery : Official Journal of the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons, vol. 58, no. 2, 2000, pp. 137-43.
Kempers KG, Foote JW, DiFlorio-Brennan T. Obesity: prevalence and considerations in oral and maxillofacial surgery. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2000;58(2):137-43.
Kempers, K. G., Foote, J. W., & DiFlorio-Brennan, T. (2000). Obesity: prevalence and considerations in oral and maxillofacial surgery. Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery : Official Journal of the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons, 58(2), 137-43.
Kempers KG, Foote JW, DiFlorio-Brennan T. Obesity: Prevalence and Considerations in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2000;58(2):137-43. PubMed PMID: 10670591.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Obesity: prevalence and considerations in oral and maxillofacial surgery. AU - Kempers,K G, AU - Foote,J W, AU - DiFlorio-Brennan,T, PY - 2000/2/12/pubmed PY - 2000/2/26/medline PY - 2000/2/12/entrez SP - 137 EP - 43 JF - Journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery : official journal of the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons JO - J. Oral Maxillofac. Surg. VL - 58 IS - 2 N2 - PURPOSE: This article examines the prevalence of obesity in an urban hospital-based office population and describes the associated health risks and systemic complications. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 225 randomly selected patient charts were reviewed. The patients' height and weight were recorded, and a body mass index (BMI) was calculated. Patients were considered to have a normal weight with a BMI between 20 and 24.9 kg/m2, to be overweight with a BMI between 25 and 29.9 kg/m2, and to be obese with a BMI of 30 kg/m2 or greater. Comparisons between sex, age, and race were examined. RESULTS: Eighty-five males and 140 females were included in the study. The ages ranged from 9 to 86 years, with a mean age of 37.4+/-16.4 years. The BMIs ranged from 13.9 to 57.7 kg/m2, with a mean BMI of 26.5+/-6.8 kg/m2. Over half (51%) of the population studied was overweight, and 23% were obese. Forty-three percent of males were considered overweight, and 18.8% of males were obese. Women tended to be more overweight: 55.7% of women were overweight and 25.7% were obese. The African-American females had mean BMIs that were considered overweight in all age-groups and obese in most age-groups, which included the less than 29-year-old and over 50-year-old groups. Caucasian females had normal mean BMIs at all ages except for the 30- to 39-year-old and 40- to 49-year-old groups. CONCLUSION: The increasing prevalence of overweight and obese populations has several considerations in oral and maxillofacial surgery. The associated health risks and increased morbidity and mortality pose a serious threat to the patient being treated in an outpatient setting. SN - 0278-2391 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/10670591/Obesity:_prevalence_and_considerations_in_oral_and_maxillofacial_surgery_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0278-2391(00)90326-4 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -