Eruption Guidance Appliance effects in the treatment of Class II, Division 1 malocclusions.Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2000 Feb; 117(2):119-29.AJ
The objective of this research was to cephalometrically evaluate the possible effects of the Eruption Guidance Appliance on the craniofacial complex in a sample of 30 patients, over a treatment period of 26 months. The experimental sample consisted of 30 patients (13 females and 17 males), 27 of which presented with a Class II, Division 1 malocclusion and 3 with a Class I malocclusion. The mean initial chronologic age was 9 years; the treatment period lasted 26 months. A control group was used for comparison and consisted of 30 subjects (13 females and 17 males) of similar ages and spanned a similar observation period. Twenty-six subjects of this control group had Class II, Division 1 malocclusions, and 4 had Class I malocclusions. Lateral cephalometric headplates were obtained for the experimental group initially and after 26 months of treatment. The subjects in the control group were randomly selected from a serial growth study sample from the Orthodontic Department at Bauru Dental School, University of São Paulo, for whom cephalometric headplates were obtained annually from 4 to 18 years of age. Comparative statistics were used to assess possible differences between the experimental and control groups during the 26-month period of observation. Results demonstrated statistically significant increases in mandibular growth, degree of mandibular protrusion, lower anterior and total anterior face height, mesial migration of the lower molars, and mandibular posterior dentoalveolar height. There was also lingual tipping and retrusion of the upper incisors, linear protrusion of the lower incisors, improvement in the maxillomandibular relationship and in molar relationship, as well as a significant decrease in the overjet and overbite and an inhibition of the vertical development of the upper incisors. The study demonstrated no significant changes in maxillary growth during the evaluation period. It was concluded from these results that the effects of the Eruption Guidance Appliance during this time period were mostly dentoalveolar, with a smaller, but significant, skeletal effect.