Selenium kinetics and changes in glutathione peroxidase activities in patients receiving long-term parenteral nutrition and effects of supplementation with selenite.Nutrition 2000; 16(1):22-6N
Selenium (Se) is an essential trace element in humans. Patients receiving long-term parenteral nutrition (PN) are at risk for Se deficiency. We investigated changes in Se levels and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activity in serum and tissue (red blood cells, RBC) in addition to urinary excretion of Se in patients receiving long-term PN with and without Se supplementation. In patients without Se supplementation, both Se levels and GSH-Px activity in serum decreased with duration of PN. The serum Se levels were below the lower limits of the control values in 19 of 33 patients (58%) who received PN for less than 1 mo. Conversely, RBC GSH-Px activity remained at a sufficient level in 9 of 12 patients (75%) who received PN for 3-6 mo. The RBC Se levels in all of these patients were lower than the control levels. Urinary Se concentrations were significantly correlated with serum Se concentrations by linear regression analysis (r = 0.707, P < 0.05). In patients with Se supplementation, urinary Se concentrations increased exponentially with increases in serum Se levels. These findings indicate that a time lag precedes the decrease in levels of serum Se, RBC Se, serum GSH-Px, and RBC GSH-Px in patients without Se supplementation and the increase in excretion of urinary Se in patients with Se supplementation. The monitoring of not only serum Se levels but also RBC GSH-Px activity and urinary Se levels is required for optimal Se supplementation during long-term PN.