Significantly higher levels of oxidized LDL autoantibody in coronary artery disease patients.Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi (Taipei). 2000 Feb; 63(2):101-6.ZY
Increasing evidence shows that oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) might play an important role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Ox-LDL is immunogenic and induces an autoantibody, which we used as a tool for measuring the content of ox-LDL in vivo.
Patients who were admitted for diagnostic cardiac catheterization for typical or atypical angina pectoris were enrolled in this study. After fasting for 12 hours, a venous blood sample was drawn from the antecubital vein for testing triglyceride, total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, and ox-LDL autoantibody. The ox-LDL autoantibody was quantified using an enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. All patients underwent coronary angiography. Those who had more than 50% angiographic coronary luminal stenosis, were grouped into the coronary artery disease (CAD) group.
Sixty-four patients were enrolled in the study (male/female = 46/18; mean +/- standard deviation, age, 64 +/- 9 years). The CAD group had a significantly higher level of ox-LDL autoantibody than the non-CAD group (494.0 +/- 355.0 mU/ml vs 258.1 +/- 196.8 mU/ml, p = 0.004). However, the other lipid profiles including triglyceride, total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and HDL-cholesterol were not statistically different between the two groups. Forty-six patients in this study had an arterial blood sample taken from the femoral artery for testing ox-LDL autoantibody. There was no significant difference between the arterial and venous samples of ox-LDL autoantibody (385.2 +/- 333.3 mU/ml vs 399.3 +/- 339.5 mU/ml, n = 46, p = 0.530).
Ox-LDL autoantibody was significantly higher in the CAD group. Ox-LDL may prove to play a key role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Further study of Ox-LDL and its role in the process of atherosclerosis is warranted.