Immunocytochemical localization of lipocalin-type prostaglandin D synthase in the bull testis and epididymis and on ejaculated sperm.Biol Reprod. 2000 Mar; 62(3):547-56.BR
Previously, we identified a 26-kDa fertility-associated protein in bull seminal plasma as lipocalin-type prostaglandin D synthase. The objective of the present study was to immunohistochemically localize this enzyme to the various cell types within the bull testis and seven subsegments of the epididymis, and on ejaculated sperm in order to gain further insight into its potential function in male reproduction. In the testis, immunoperoxidase staining was localized within the elongating spermatids and Sertoli cells of the seminiferous tubules, varying with the stage of the spermatogenic cycle. The highest level of staining occurred during stages III-VII. The cuboidal epithelial cells of the rete testis and efferent ducts were also immunoreactive. Expression of lipocalin-type prostaglandin D synthase was not uniform in the seven epididymal subsegments, suggesting a possible role in sperm maturation. In all epididymal regions, expression was limited to the epithelial principal cells; no immunoreactivity was apparent in other cell types. Lipocalin-type prostaglandin D synthase was strikingly localized in the caput epididymidis, while moderate to weak staining was observed in the remainder of the epididymis. Droplets of reaction product observed within the lumen increased progressively from the caput to cauda. Using fluorescence microscopy, we also localized lipocalin-type prostaglandin D synthase to the apical ridge of the acrosome on ejaculated sperm.