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Nutritional status and nutrient intake of preschool children in northern Ghana.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To determine the nutritional status and nutrient intake of preschool children in a sub-Sahelian setting so as to ascertain whether they meet the acceptable standards.

DESIGN

Prospective/investigative study.

SETTING

The study was carried out in Saboba, a rural sub-Sahelian village in northern Ghana.

SUBJECTS

Five hundred and eighteen preschool children (2.5-6 years) drawn from three kindergartens and five other localities were used.

INTERVENTION

Anthropometric measures of age, weight, and height were assessed. Blood and stool samples were taken for analyses.

RESULTS

The nutritional status was generally poor, with 27% (140/519) stunted, 4.4% (23/519) wasted and 1.9% (10/519) wasted and stunted. Majority of the children (92%) were anaemic and 16.3% had deficient level of vitamin A (< 10 micrograms/dL). Total caloric intake was low (only 26.5% met RDA values) and apart from protein and iron whose RDA were met by the majority of the children (> 90%), the intake of other nutrients-calcium, vitamin C, vitamin A and provitamin A, were low and unacceptable, compared to their respective RDA values. In the case of iron, even though intake was adequate, the high anaemic rate of 92% was due to high incidence of malaria (32%), hookworm infestation, low intake of vitamin C and low bioavailability of iron from the mainly cereal diet.

CONCLUSION

The poor nutritional status of the children was largely due to the low intake of essential nutrients.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Nutrition Unit, Noguchi Memorial Institute for Medical Research, University of Ghana, Legon, Ghana.

Source

East African medical journal 76:9 1999 Sep pg 510-5

MeSH

Anthropometry
Child Nutrition Disorders
Child, Preschool
Energy Intake
Ghana
Humans
Nutrition Assessment
Nutrition Policy
Nutrition Surveys
Nutritional Status
Prospective Studies
Rural Health

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

10685322

Citation

Takyi, E E.. "Nutritional Status and Nutrient Intake of Preschool Children in Northern Ghana." East African Medical Journal, vol. 76, no. 9, 1999, pp. 510-5.
Takyi EE. Nutritional status and nutrient intake of preschool children in northern Ghana. East Afr Med J. 1999;76(9):510-5.
Takyi, E. E. (1999). Nutritional status and nutrient intake of preschool children in northern Ghana. East African Medical Journal, 76(9), pp. 510-5.
Takyi EE. Nutritional Status and Nutrient Intake of Preschool Children in Northern Ghana. East Afr Med J. 1999;76(9):510-5. PubMed PMID: 10685322.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Nutritional status and nutrient intake of preschool children in northern Ghana. A1 - Takyi,E E, PY - 2000/2/24/pubmed PY - 2000/3/11/medline PY - 2000/2/24/entrez KW - Africa KW - Africa South Of The Sahara KW - Age Factors KW - Child KW - Child Nutrition KW - Demographic Factors KW - Developing Countries KW - Diseases KW - English Speaking Africa KW - Ghana KW - Health KW - Malnutrition KW - Nutrition KW - Nutrition Disorders KW - Nutrition Indexes KW - Nutrition Surveys KW - Population KW - Population Characteristics KW - Prospective Studies KW - Research Methodology KW - Research Report KW - Rural Population KW - Studies KW - Western Africa KW - Youth SP - 510 EP - 5 JF - East African medical journal JO - East Afr Med J VL - 76 IS - 9 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To determine the nutritional status and nutrient intake of preschool children in a sub-Sahelian setting so as to ascertain whether they meet the acceptable standards. DESIGN: Prospective/investigative study. SETTING: The study was carried out in Saboba, a rural sub-Sahelian village in northern Ghana. SUBJECTS: Five hundred and eighteen preschool children (2.5-6 years) drawn from three kindergartens and five other localities were used. INTERVENTION: Anthropometric measures of age, weight, and height were assessed. Blood and stool samples were taken for analyses. RESULTS: The nutritional status was generally poor, with 27% (140/519) stunted, 4.4% (23/519) wasted and 1.9% (10/519) wasted and stunted. Majority of the children (92%) were anaemic and 16.3% had deficient level of vitamin A (< 10 micrograms/dL). Total caloric intake was low (only 26.5% met RDA values) and apart from protein and iron whose RDA were met by the majority of the children (> 90%), the intake of other nutrients-calcium, vitamin C, vitamin A and provitamin A, were low and unacceptable, compared to their respective RDA values. In the case of iron, even though intake was adequate, the high anaemic rate of 92% was due to high incidence of malaria (32%), hookworm infestation, low intake of vitamin C and low bioavailability of iron from the mainly cereal diet. CONCLUSION: The poor nutritional status of the children was largely due to the low intake of essential nutrients. SN - 0012-835X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/10685322/Nutritional_status_and_nutrient_intake_of_preschool_children_in_northern_Ghana_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/childnutrition.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -