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Iron deficiency anaemia in children of a peri-urban health facility.
East Afr Med J. 1999 Sep; 76(9):520-3.EA

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To ascertain the prevalence of iron deficiency anaemia(IDA) and its risk factors.

DESIGN

A cross-sectional survey.

SETTING

A peri-urban health centre in Nairobi, Kenya.

SUBJECTS

Four hundred and three children, aged six months to six years.

INTERVENTION

Demographic data were obtained and each child examined for signs of iron deficiency anaemia. Blood was drawn for haemoglobin determination.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE

The diagnosis of iron deficiency anaemia was made using a pre-defined criteria.

RESULTS

Iron deficiency anaemia had a prevalence of 7.4% (95% CI = 4.8-10.0) and was predominantly mild (93.6%). Age was found to be significantly associated with iron deficiency anaemia with a prevalence of (14.6%) in infants. No association was found between IDA and sex, birthweight, weaning age and weaning diet, sanitation, water source or mother's education.

CONCLUSION

The prevalence of iron deficiency anaemia in this health facility was relatively low and was predominantly mild.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, College of Health Sciences, University of Nairobi, Kenya.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

10685324

Citation

Murila, F V., et al. "Iron Deficiency Anaemia in Children of a Peri-urban Health Facility." East African Medical Journal, vol. 76, no. 9, 1999, pp. 520-3.
Murila FV, Macharia WM, Wafula EM. Iron deficiency anaemia in children of a peri-urban health facility. East Afr Med J. 1999;76(9):520-3.
Murila, F. V., Macharia, W. M., & Wafula, E. M. (1999). Iron deficiency anaemia in children of a peri-urban health facility. East African Medical Journal, 76(9), 520-3.
Murila FV, Macharia WM, Wafula EM. Iron Deficiency Anaemia in Children of a Peri-urban Health Facility. East Afr Med J. 1999;76(9):520-3. PubMed PMID: 10685324.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Iron deficiency anaemia in children of a peri-urban health facility. AU - Murila,F V, AU - Macharia,W M, AU - Wafula,E M, PY - 2000/2/24/pubmed PY - 2000/3/11/medline PY - 2000/2/24/entrez KW - Africa KW - Africa South Of The Sahara KW - Age Factors KW - Anemia KW - Biology KW - Child KW - Cross Sectional Analysis KW - Deficiency Diseases KW - Demographic Factors KW - Developing Countries KW - Diseases KW - Eastern Africa KW - English Speaking Africa KW - Iron KW - Kenya KW - Measurement KW - Metals KW - Micronutrients KW - Nutrition Disorders KW - Physiology KW - Population KW - Population Characteristics KW - Prevalence KW - Research Methodology KW - Research Report KW - Risk Factors KW - Urban Population KW - Youth SP - 520 EP - 3 JF - East African medical journal JO - East Afr Med J VL - 76 IS - 9 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To ascertain the prevalence of iron deficiency anaemia(IDA) and its risk factors. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey. SETTING: A peri-urban health centre in Nairobi, Kenya. SUBJECTS: Four hundred and three children, aged six months to six years. INTERVENTION: Demographic data were obtained and each child examined for signs of iron deficiency anaemia. Blood was drawn for haemoglobin determination. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: The diagnosis of iron deficiency anaemia was made using a pre-defined criteria. RESULTS: Iron deficiency anaemia had a prevalence of 7.4% (95% CI = 4.8-10.0) and was predominantly mild (93.6%). Age was found to be significantly associated with iron deficiency anaemia with a prevalence of (14.6%) in infants. No association was found between IDA and sex, birthweight, weaning age and weaning diet, sanitation, water source or mother's education. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of iron deficiency anaemia in this health facility was relatively low and was predominantly mild. SN - 0012-835X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/10685324/Iron_deficiency_anaemia_in_children_of_a_peri_urban_health_facility_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/childnutrition.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -