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Metal requirements of a diadenosine pyrophosphatase from Bartonella bacilliformis: magnetic resonance and kinetic studies of the role of Mn2+.
Biochemistry. 2000 Mar 07; 39(9):2347-54.B

Abstract

Recombinant IalA protein from Bartonella bacilliformis is a monomeric adenosine 5'-tetraphospho-5'-adenosine (Ap4A) pyrophosphatase of 170 amino acids that catalyzes the hydrolysis of Ap4A, Ap5A, and Ap6A by attack at the delta-phosphorus, with the departure of ATP as the leaving group [Cartwright et al. (1999) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 256, 474-479]. When various divalent cations were tested over a 300-fold concentration range, Mg2+, Mn2+, and Zn2+ ions were found to activate the enzyme, while Ca2+ did not. Sigmoidal activation curves were observed with Mn2+ and Mg2+ with Hill coefficients of 3.0 and 1.6 and K0.5 values of 0.9 and 5.3 mM, respectively. The substrate M2+ x Ap4A showed hyperbolic kinetics with Km values of 0.34 mM for both Mn2+ x Ap4A and Mg2+ x Ap4A. Direct Mn2+ binding studies by electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and by the enhancement of the longitudinal relaxation rate of water protons revealed two Mn2+ binding sites per molecule of Ap4A pyrophosphatase with dissociation constants of 1.1 mM, comparable to the kinetically determined K0.5 value of Mn2+. The enhancement factor of the longitudinal relaxation rate of water protons due to bound Mn2+ (epsilon b) decreased with increasing site occupancy from a value of 12.9 with one site occupied to 3.3 when both are occupied, indicating site-site interaction between the two enzyme-bound Mn2+ ions. Assuming the decrease in epsilon(b) to result from cross-relaxation between the two bound Mn2+ ions yields an estimated distance of 5.9 +/- 0.4 A between them. The substrate Ap4A binds one Mn2+ (Kd = 0.43 mM) with an epsilon b value of 2.6, consistent with the molecular weight of the Mn2+ x Ap4A complex. Mg2+ binding studies, in competition with Mn2+, reveal two Mg2+ binding sites on the enzyme with Kd values of 8.6 mM and one Mg2+ binding site on Ap4A with a Kd of 3.9 mM, values that are comparable to the K0.5 for Mg2+. Hence, with both Mn2+ and Mg2+, a total of three metal binding sites were found-two on the enzyme and one on the substrate-with dissociation constants comparable to the kinetically determined K0.5 values, suggesting a role in catalysis for three bound divalent cations. Ca2+ does not activate Ap4A pyrophosphatase but inhibits the Mn2+-activated enzyme competitively with a Ki = 1.9 +/- 1.3 mM. Ca2+ binding studies, in competition with Mn2+, revealed two sites on the enzyme with dissociation constants (4.3 +/- 1.3 mM) and one on Ap4A with a dissociation constant of 2.1 mM. These values are similar to its Ki suggesting that inhibition by Ca2+ results from the complete displacement of Mn2+ from the active site. Unlike the homologous MutT pyrophosphohydrolase, which requires only one enzyme-bound divalent cation in an E x M2+ x NTP x M2+ complex for catalytic activity, Ap4A pyrophosphatase requires two enzyme-bound divalent cations that function in an active E x (M2+)2 x Ap4A x M2+ complex.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Departments of Biology and Biophysics and the McCollum-Pratt Institute, The Johns Hopkins University, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, Maryland 21218, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

10694402

Citation

Conyers, G B., et al. "Metal Requirements of a Diadenosine Pyrophosphatase From Bartonella Bacilliformis: Magnetic Resonance and Kinetic Studies of the Role of Mn2+." Biochemistry, vol. 39, no. 9, 2000, pp. 2347-54.
Conyers GB, Wu G, Bessman MJ, et al. Metal requirements of a diadenosine pyrophosphatase from Bartonella bacilliformis: magnetic resonance and kinetic studies of the role of Mn2+. Biochemistry. 2000;39(9):2347-54.
Conyers, G. B., Wu, G., Bessman, M. J., & Mildvan, A. S. (2000). Metal requirements of a diadenosine pyrophosphatase from Bartonella bacilliformis: magnetic resonance and kinetic studies of the role of Mn2+. Biochemistry, 39(9), 2347-54.
Conyers GB, et al. Metal Requirements of a Diadenosine Pyrophosphatase From Bartonella Bacilliformis: Magnetic Resonance and Kinetic Studies of the Role of Mn2+. Biochemistry. 2000 Mar 7;39(9):2347-54. PubMed PMID: 10694402.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Metal requirements of a diadenosine pyrophosphatase from Bartonella bacilliformis: magnetic resonance and kinetic studies of the role of Mn2+. AU - Conyers,G B, AU - Wu,G, AU - Bessman,M J, AU - Mildvan,A S, PY - 2000/3/1/pubmed PY - 2000/5/20/medline PY - 2000/3/1/entrez SP - 2347 EP - 54 JF - Biochemistry JO - Biochemistry VL - 39 IS - 9 N2 - Recombinant IalA protein from Bartonella bacilliformis is a monomeric adenosine 5'-tetraphospho-5'-adenosine (Ap4A) pyrophosphatase of 170 amino acids that catalyzes the hydrolysis of Ap4A, Ap5A, and Ap6A by attack at the delta-phosphorus, with the departure of ATP as the leaving group [Cartwright et al. (1999) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 256, 474-479]. When various divalent cations were tested over a 300-fold concentration range, Mg2+, Mn2+, and Zn2+ ions were found to activate the enzyme, while Ca2+ did not. Sigmoidal activation curves were observed with Mn2+ and Mg2+ with Hill coefficients of 3.0 and 1.6 and K0.5 values of 0.9 and 5.3 mM, respectively. The substrate M2+ x Ap4A showed hyperbolic kinetics with Km values of 0.34 mM for both Mn2+ x Ap4A and Mg2+ x Ap4A. Direct Mn2+ binding studies by electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and by the enhancement of the longitudinal relaxation rate of water protons revealed two Mn2+ binding sites per molecule of Ap4A pyrophosphatase with dissociation constants of 1.1 mM, comparable to the kinetically determined K0.5 value of Mn2+. The enhancement factor of the longitudinal relaxation rate of water protons due to bound Mn2+ (epsilon b) decreased with increasing site occupancy from a value of 12.9 with one site occupied to 3.3 when both are occupied, indicating site-site interaction between the two enzyme-bound Mn2+ ions. Assuming the decrease in epsilon(b) to result from cross-relaxation between the two bound Mn2+ ions yields an estimated distance of 5.9 +/- 0.4 A between them. The substrate Ap4A binds one Mn2+ (Kd = 0.43 mM) with an epsilon b value of 2.6, consistent with the molecular weight of the Mn2+ x Ap4A complex. Mg2+ binding studies, in competition with Mn2+, reveal two Mg2+ binding sites on the enzyme with Kd values of 8.6 mM and one Mg2+ binding site on Ap4A with a Kd of 3.9 mM, values that are comparable to the K0.5 for Mg2+. Hence, with both Mn2+ and Mg2+, a total of three metal binding sites were found-two on the enzyme and one on the substrate-with dissociation constants comparable to the kinetically determined K0.5 values, suggesting a role in catalysis for three bound divalent cations. Ca2+ does not activate Ap4A pyrophosphatase but inhibits the Mn2+-activated enzyme competitively with a Ki = 1.9 +/- 1.3 mM. Ca2+ binding studies, in competition with Mn2+, revealed two sites on the enzyme with dissociation constants (4.3 +/- 1.3 mM) and one on Ap4A with a dissociation constant of 2.1 mM. These values are similar to its Ki suggesting that inhibition by Ca2+ results from the complete displacement of Mn2+ from the active site. Unlike the homologous MutT pyrophosphohydrolase, which requires only one enzyme-bound divalent cation in an E x M2+ x NTP x M2+ complex for catalytic activity, Ap4A pyrophosphatase requires two enzyme-bound divalent cations that function in an active E x (M2+)2 x Ap4A x M2+ complex. SN - 0006-2960 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/10694402/Metal_requirements_of_a_diadenosine_pyrophosphatase_from_Bartonella_bacilliformis:_magnetic_resonance_and_kinetic_studies_of_the_role_of_Mn2+_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1021/bi992458n DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -