Effects of prolactin on expression of Fos-related antigens in tyrosine hydroxylase-immunoreactive neurons in subdivisions of the arcuate nucleus.Brain Res. 2000 Feb 28; 857(1-2):110-8.BR
Dual immunohistochemistry was employed to determine the effects of prolactin on expression of Fos and its related antigens (FRA) in tuberoinfundibular dopamine (TIDA) neurons located in the dorsomedial (DM) and ventrolateral (VL) subdivisions of the arcuate nucleus (ARC) in the male rat. Systemic administration of the DA receptor antagonist haloperidol caused a sustained (up to 12 h) increase in plasma prolactin concentrations that was accompanied by a transient increase (at 3 h) in the percentage of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH)-immunoreactive (IR) neurons containing FRA-IR nuclei in the DM-ARC. In contrast, haloperidol caused a prolonged (1. 5 to 12 h) decrease in the percentage of TH-IR neurons with FRA-IR nuclei in the VL-ARC. Haloperidol had no effect, however, on the overall number of TH-IR neurons in either of these regions. Co-administration of prolactin antisera (PRL-AB) blocked haloperidol-induced increases in both plasma prolactin concentrations and the percentage of TH-IR neurons expressing FRA in the DM-ARC, but had no effect on haloperidol-induced inhibition of FRA expression in TH-IR neurons in the VL-ARC. Intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) administration of prolactin also increased the percentage of TH-IR neurons containing FRA-IR nuclei in the DM-ARC, but this effect was of longer duration (up to 6 h) than that of haloperidol in all but the most caudal portion of the DM-ARC. In the VL-ARC, prolactin caused a transient increase (at 1.5 h) in the percentage of TH-IR containing FRA-IR nuclei. These results demonstrate that prolactin regulates immediate early gene expression in TIDA neurons in male rats, and reveal that there are temporal differences in the responsiveness of discrete subpopulations of these neurons to prolactin. Prolactin causes a short-lived increase in FRA expression in TIDA neurons in the VL-ARC which is followed by a more prolonged activation of FRA expression in TIDA neurons in the DM-ARC.