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[Factors influencing the level of spinal anesthesia: (II). Patient characteristics and technique of injection].
Masui. 2000 Feb; 49(2):150-8.M

Abstract

The extent of sensory block is determined by the cephalad distribution of the local anesthetic in the cerebrospinal fluid and uptake by neuronal tissue in sufficient amounts to produce the block. Out of many factors that have been considered to affect the distribution, this paper discusses factors involved in patient characteristics and technique of injection; the age of the patient, the volume of cerebrospinal fluid, the rate of injection, the site of injection, and the position of the patient. Each of the factors does not seem to have a major impact on the level of sensory block as compared with characteristics of anesthetic solutions discussed in the previous review, but this has not been fully understood. Recent studies have shown that the management of posture to control the level of spinal anesthesia is not so easy as previously thought. It is my conclusion that knowledge of these factors is essential in the performance of reliable and safe spinal anesthesia.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Surgical Operation Center, Shimane Medical University, Izumo.

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Journal Article

Language

jpn

PubMed ID

10707518

Citation

Sakura, S. "[Factors Influencing the Level of Spinal Anesthesia: (II). Patient Characteristics and Technique of Injection]." Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology, vol. 49, no. 2, 2000, pp. 150-8.
Sakura S. [Factors influencing the level of spinal anesthesia: (II). Patient characteristics and technique of injection]. Masui. 2000;49(2):150-8.
Sakura, S. (2000). [Factors influencing the level of spinal anesthesia: (II). Patient characteristics and technique of injection]. Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology, 49(2), 150-8.
Sakura S. [Factors Influencing the Level of Spinal Anesthesia: (II). Patient Characteristics and Technique of Injection]. Masui. 2000;49(2):150-8. PubMed PMID: 10707518.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Factors influencing the level of spinal anesthesia: (II). Patient characteristics and technique of injection]. A1 - Sakura,S, PY - 2000/3/9/pubmed PY - 2000/6/10/medline PY - 2000/3/9/entrez SP - 150 EP - 8 JF - Masui. The Japanese journal of anesthesiology JO - Masui VL - 49 IS - 2 N2 - The extent of sensory block is determined by the cephalad distribution of the local anesthetic in the cerebrospinal fluid and uptake by neuronal tissue in sufficient amounts to produce the block. Out of many factors that have been considered to affect the distribution, this paper discusses factors involved in patient characteristics and technique of injection; the age of the patient, the volume of cerebrospinal fluid, the rate of injection, the site of injection, and the position of the patient. Each of the factors does not seem to have a major impact on the level of sensory block as compared with characteristics of anesthetic solutions discussed in the previous review, but this has not been fully understood. Recent studies have shown that the management of posture to control the level of spinal anesthesia is not so easy as previously thought. It is my conclusion that knowledge of these factors is essential in the performance of reliable and safe spinal anesthesia. SN - 0021-4892 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/10707518/[Factors_influencing_the_level_of_spinal_anesthesia:__II___Patient_characteristics_and_technique_of_injection]_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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