Efficacy of cholesterol-lowering treatment in Japanese elderly patients with coronary artery disease and normal cholesterol level using 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitor.J Cardiol. 2000 Feb; 35(2):95-101.JC
The clinical benefit of cholesterol-lowering treatment is unknown in the Japanese elderly in whom the prevalence of morbidity and mortality related to coronary artery disease are known to be low. To evaluate the efficacy of cholesterol-lowering treatment with 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitor in Japanese elderly patients with documented coronary artery disease, 121 patients with serum cholesterol > or = 150 mg/dl prospectively received HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor, and 271 patients undergoing cholesterol-lowering treatment based on dietary therapy alone served as historical controls. The 143 elderly patients age > or = 65 years in the 2 groups had similar baseline serum total cholesterol level (201 +/- 30 vs 202 +/- 31 mg/dl), age (71 +/- 4 vs 70 +/- 4 years), proportion of men (37/53 vs 64/90), number of diseased vessels (1.7 +/- 0.9 vs 1.5 +/- 1.0), and incidences of other classical coronary risk factors, including hypertension, diabetes mellitus, smoking, obesity and family history of coronary artery disease. In all 392 patients, similar trends were observed, including serum total cholesterol level (208 +/- 33 vs 201 +/- 34 mg/dl). With HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors, serum total cholesterol level was reduced by 14% in the elderly subjects and by 13% in all patients. During the follow-up of approximately 3 years, cardiac events occurred in 5 patients (one elderly) in the treatment group and 38 patients (12 elderly) in the control group. Kaplan-Meier survival estimates revealed a higher event-free survival rate with HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors in the elderly subjects (98% vs 85%, p < 0.05) and in all patients (94% vs 86%, p < 0.05). Cox proportional hazard modeling also demonstrated a significant reduction in risk for cardiac events with drug therapy (relative risk 0.32, p < 0.05), in addition to the number of diseased vessels (relative risk 1.8, p < 0.01). In contrast, no additional risk was observed with advancing age. Cholesterol-lowering treatment with HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors is effective to improve the prognosis of Japanese elderly patients, including those with normal serum cholesterol level.