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Smoking and the risk of suicide.
Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2000 Mar; 101(3):243-5.AP

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To estimate the relationship between cigarette smoking and the risk of suicide.

METHOD

The mortality of 36527 adult men and women was monitored for the mean 14.4 years. Information on deaths caused by suicide was obtained from the National Mortality Register. Suicides were subclassified by the level of violence used. Current smokers of 1-20 cigarettes per day were considered light/moderate smokers and heavy smokers were defined as those smoking > or =21 cigarettes per day.

RESULTS

There were 134 suicides among 17798 men and 31 suicides among 18729 women. The most common suicide methods were hanging, firearms and drug overdose. According to the Cox model the adjusted relative risk of both violent and non-violent suicide was significantly and linearly increased among light/moderate and heavy smokers compared with non-smokers.

CONCLUSION

Smoking was associated with an increased risk of suicide irrespective of the level of violence used.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychiatry, Kuopio University Hospital, Finland.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

10721874

Citation

Tanskanen, A, et al. "Smoking and the Risk of Suicide." Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, vol. 101, no. 3, 2000, pp. 243-5.
Tanskanen A, Tuomilehto J, Viinamäki H, et al. Smoking and the risk of suicide. Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2000;101(3):243-5.
Tanskanen, A., Tuomilehto, J., Viinamäki, H., Vartiainen, E., Lehtonen, J., & Puska, P. (2000). Smoking and the risk of suicide. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 101(3), 243-5.
Tanskanen A, et al. Smoking and the Risk of Suicide. Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2000;101(3):243-5. PubMed PMID: 10721874.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Smoking and the risk of suicide. AU - Tanskanen,A, AU - Tuomilehto,J, AU - Viinamäki,H, AU - Vartiainen,E, AU - Lehtonen,J, AU - Puska,P, PY - 2000/3/18/pubmed PY - 2000/4/29/medline PY - 2000/3/18/entrez SP - 243 EP - 5 JF - Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica JO - Acta Psychiatr Scand VL - 101 IS - 3 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To estimate the relationship between cigarette smoking and the risk of suicide. METHOD: The mortality of 36527 adult men and women was monitored for the mean 14.4 years. Information on deaths caused by suicide was obtained from the National Mortality Register. Suicides were subclassified by the level of violence used. Current smokers of 1-20 cigarettes per day were considered light/moderate smokers and heavy smokers were defined as those smoking > or =21 cigarettes per day. RESULTS: There were 134 suicides among 17798 men and 31 suicides among 18729 women. The most common suicide methods were hanging, firearms and drug overdose. According to the Cox model the adjusted relative risk of both violent and non-violent suicide was significantly and linearly increased among light/moderate and heavy smokers compared with non-smokers. CONCLUSION: Smoking was associated with an increased risk of suicide irrespective of the level of violence used. SN - 0001-690X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/10721874/Smoking_and_the_risk_of_suicide_ L2 - https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/openurl?genre=article&sid=nlm:pubmed&issn=0001-690X&date=2000&volume=101&issue=3&spage=243 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -