Destabilization of osteogenesis imperfecta collagen-like model peptides correlates with the identity of the residue replacing glycine.Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2000 Apr 11; 97(8):4273-8.PN
Mutations resulting in replacement of one obligate Gly residue within the repeating (Gly-Xaa-Yaa)(n) triplet pattern of the collagen type I triple helix are the major cause of osteogenesis imperfecta (OI). Phenotypes of OI involve fragile bones and range from mild to perinatal lethal. In this study, host-guest triple-helical peptides of the form acetyl-(Gly-Pro-Hyp)(3)-Zaa-Pro-Hyp-(Gly-Pro-Hyp)(4)-Gly-Gly-amide are used to isolate the influence of the residue replacing Gly on triple-helix stability, with Zaa = Gly, Ala, Arg, Asp, Glu, Cys, Ser, or Val. Any substitution for Zaa = Gly (melting temperature, T(m) = 45 degrees C) results in a dramatic destabilization of the triple helix. For Ala and Ser, T(m) decreases to approximately 10 degrees C, and for the Arg-, Val-, Glu-, and Asp-containing peptides, T(m) < 0 degrees C. A Gly --> Cys replacement results in T(m) < 0 degrees C under reducing conditions but shows a broad transition (T(m) approximately 19 degrees C) in an oxidizing environment. Addition of trimethylamine N-oxide increases T(m) by approximately 5 degrees C per 1 M trimethylamine N-oxide, resulting in stable triple-helix formation for all peptides and allowing comparison of relative stabilities. The order of disruption of different Gly replacements in these peptides can be represented as Ala </= Ser < CPO(red) < Arg < Val < Glu </= Asp. The rank of destabilization of substitutions for Gly in these Gly-Pro-Hyp-rich homotrimeric peptides shows a significant correlation with the severity of natural OI mutations in the alpha1 chain of type I collagen.