Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Effect of axotomy on expression of NPY, galanin, and NPY Y1 and Y2 receptors in dorsal root ganglia and the superior cervical ganglion studied with double-labeling in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry.
Exp Neurol. 2000 Apr; 162(2):361-84.EN

Abstract

Using double-labeling techniques for both in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry some peptides and peptide receptors were studied quantitatively in a sensory and a sympathetic ganglion after axotomy. In the lumbar 5 dorsal root ganglion (DRG) normally no neuropeptide Y- and only a few galanin-positive cell bodies are seen. Following complete transection of the sciatic nerve around 60% of all neuropeptide Y (NPY) neuron profiles (NPs) were galanin positive (+) and 33-44% of all galanin NPs were NPY(+). A good agreement between immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization was observed for NPY and galanin. NPY Y1- and Y2-receptor (R) mRNAs were found in around 40% of all NPY mRNA(+) NPs, and more than half of the Y1-R mRNA(+) NPs and two-thirds of the Y2-R mRNA(+) NPs were NPY(+). In addition, more than one-third of the galanin mRNA-containing NPs showed colocalization with NPY receptor mRNAs and up to 70% of the Y2-R mRNA(+) NPs also expressed galanin mRNA. In the control superior cervical ganglion (SCG) 10% of the NPY(+) NPs were Y2-R mRNA(+), and 85% of the Y2-R(+) NPs were NPY mRNA(+), and the corresponding percentages after axotomy were around 35 and 45%, respectively. Following axotomy of the carotid nerves around half of all NPY(+) NPs were galanin(+), and conversely around 50% of all galanin NPs were NPY(+) at the mRNA level, whereas much lower percentages (15 and 9%, respectively) were observed with immunohistochemistry. These results demonstrate that double-labeling procedures are valid tools to quantitatively evaluate coexistence situations in sensory and sympathetic ganglia, showing a high degree of coexistence for NPY and galanin in axotomized neurons both in the lumbar 5 DRG and in the SCG. However, the immunohistochemical analysis in the SCG demonstrated much lower numbers of peptide-positive neurons than seen with in situ hybridization, suggesting that the latter technique is more sensitive. The fact that a considerable number of neurons express NPY together with Y1- and/or Y2-Rs indicates that both receptors may act as autoreceptors, the Y1-R presumably at the level of the cell body and the Y2-R on nerve terminals in the dorsal horn and/or the periphery. The present results also show that in both sensory and sympathetic neurons there is a strong upregulation of the Y2-R after nerve injury, suggesting a possible role in trophic and regenerative events.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

10739642

Citation

Landry, M, et al. "Effect of Axotomy On Expression of NPY, Galanin, and NPY Y1 and Y2 Receptors in Dorsal Root Ganglia and the Superior Cervical Ganglion Studied With Double-labeling in Situ Hybridization and Immunohistochemistry." Experimental Neurology, vol. 162, no. 2, 2000, pp. 361-84.
Landry M, Holmberg K, Zhang X, et al. Effect of axotomy on expression of NPY, galanin, and NPY Y1 and Y2 receptors in dorsal root ganglia and the superior cervical ganglion studied with double-labeling in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry. Exp Neurol. 2000;162(2):361-84.
Landry, M., Holmberg, K., Zhang, X., & Hökfelt, T. (2000). Effect of axotomy on expression of NPY, galanin, and NPY Y1 and Y2 receptors in dorsal root ganglia and the superior cervical ganglion studied with double-labeling in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry. Experimental Neurology, 162(2), 361-84.
Landry M, et al. Effect of Axotomy On Expression of NPY, Galanin, and NPY Y1 and Y2 Receptors in Dorsal Root Ganglia and the Superior Cervical Ganglion Studied With Double-labeling in Situ Hybridization and Immunohistochemistry. Exp Neurol. 2000;162(2):361-84. PubMed PMID: 10739642.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effect of axotomy on expression of NPY, galanin, and NPY Y1 and Y2 receptors in dorsal root ganglia and the superior cervical ganglion studied with double-labeling in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry. AU - Landry,M, AU - Holmberg,K, AU - Zhang,X, AU - Hökfelt,T, PY - 2000/3/31/pubmed PY - 2000/6/8/medline PY - 2000/3/31/entrez SP - 361 EP - 84 JF - Experimental neurology JO - Exp Neurol VL - 162 IS - 2 N2 - Using double-labeling techniques for both in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry some peptides and peptide receptors were studied quantitatively in a sensory and a sympathetic ganglion after axotomy. In the lumbar 5 dorsal root ganglion (DRG) normally no neuropeptide Y- and only a few galanin-positive cell bodies are seen. Following complete transection of the sciatic nerve around 60% of all neuropeptide Y (NPY) neuron profiles (NPs) were galanin positive (+) and 33-44% of all galanin NPs were NPY(+). A good agreement between immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization was observed for NPY and galanin. NPY Y1- and Y2-receptor (R) mRNAs were found in around 40% of all NPY mRNA(+) NPs, and more than half of the Y1-R mRNA(+) NPs and two-thirds of the Y2-R mRNA(+) NPs were NPY(+). In addition, more than one-third of the galanin mRNA-containing NPs showed colocalization with NPY receptor mRNAs and up to 70% of the Y2-R mRNA(+) NPs also expressed galanin mRNA. In the control superior cervical ganglion (SCG) 10% of the NPY(+) NPs were Y2-R mRNA(+), and 85% of the Y2-R(+) NPs were NPY mRNA(+), and the corresponding percentages after axotomy were around 35 and 45%, respectively. Following axotomy of the carotid nerves around half of all NPY(+) NPs were galanin(+), and conversely around 50% of all galanin NPs were NPY(+) at the mRNA level, whereas much lower percentages (15 and 9%, respectively) were observed with immunohistochemistry. These results demonstrate that double-labeling procedures are valid tools to quantitatively evaluate coexistence situations in sensory and sympathetic ganglia, showing a high degree of coexistence for NPY and galanin in axotomized neurons both in the lumbar 5 DRG and in the SCG. However, the immunohistochemical analysis in the SCG demonstrated much lower numbers of peptide-positive neurons than seen with in situ hybridization, suggesting that the latter technique is more sensitive. The fact that a considerable number of neurons express NPY together with Y1- and/or Y2-Rs indicates that both receptors may act as autoreceptors, the Y1-R presumably at the level of the cell body and the Y2-R on nerve terminals in the dorsal horn and/or the periphery. The present results also show that in both sensory and sympathetic neurons there is a strong upregulation of the Y2-R after nerve injury, suggesting a possible role in trophic and regenerative events. SN - 0014-4886 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/10739642/Effect_of_axotomy_on_expression_of_NPY_galanin_and_NPY_Y1_and_Y2_receptors_in_dorsal_root_ganglia_and_the_superior_cervical_ganglion_studied_with_double_labeling_in_situ_hybridization_and_immunohistochemistry_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0014-4886(99)97329-6 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -