Comparison between palatal configurations in UCLP infants with and without a Hotz plate until four years of age.Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 2000 Mar; 37(2):185-90.CP
To evaluate the efficacy of presurgical orthopedic treatment three dimensionally, we previously developed a novel measuring system and described the efficacy of the treatment until 18 months of age. The aim of this study was to compare palatal configuration in complete unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) infants fitted with a Hotz plate to those without it until four years of age using the same measuring system.
Twenty complete UCLP infants were divided into two groups. A Hotz plate was used with 12 patients who first visited our clinic from January 1990 to March 1992 and was not used with an additional eight patients who first visited from April 1992 to July 1993.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES
Palatal casts taken from birth until four years of age were measured three dimensionally and were compared between the two groups.
RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS
The width of the palate was larger in the group with a Hotz plate than in the group without it at four years of age. No difference was observed between the anteroposterior distance of the palate in the two groups at four years of age. Similarly, the alveolar arch form did not differ between the two groups. The degree of curvature of the palatal surface was smaller in the group with a Hotz plate than in the group without it. These data were similar to data obtained at 18 months of age.