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Effects of insoluble and soluble dietary fiber on glycemic control in dogs with naturally occurring insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.
J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2000 Apr 01; 216(7):1076-81.JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To evaluate the effects of diets differing in type and quantity of fiber on glycemic control in dogs with naturally occurring insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.

DESIGN

Prospective randomized crossover controlled trial.

ANIMALS

7 dogs with well-regulated naturally occurring insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.

PROCEDURE

Dogs were fed 1 of 3 diets for 1 month each in 1 of 6 randomized diet sequences. Diets included a low-fiber diet (LF) and 2 high-fiber diets; 1 contained only insoluble fiber (HIF), and 1 contained soluble fiber in addition to insoluble fiber (HSF). Caloric intake was unchanged throughout the study. Glycemic control was assessed after each feeding trial by measuring serum fructosamine concentration and performing 5 serial measurements of blood glucose concentration every 2 hours after the morning feeding and insulin injection.

RESULTS

Significant differences were not detected in body weight, required insulin dosage, or albumin concentration among dogs fed the HIF, HSF, and LF diets. Mean and maximum blood glucose concentrations and area under the blood glucose curve were significantly lower in dogs fed the HIF diet, compared with values in the same dogs fed the HSF or LF diet. Fructosamine concentration was significantly lower in dogs fed the HIF or HSF diet, compared with values in the same dogs fed the LF diet.

CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE

In dogs with naturally occurring insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, a dry, high insoluble-fiber diet may aid in glycemic control.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Clinical Studies, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19104-6010, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

10754666

Citation

Kimmel, S E., et al. "Effects of Insoluble and Soluble Dietary Fiber On Glycemic Control in Dogs With Naturally Occurring Insulin-dependent Diabetes Mellitus." Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, vol. 216, no. 7, 2000, pp. 1076-81.
Kimmel SE, Michel KE, Hess RS, et al. Effects of insoluble and soluble dietary fiber on glycemic control in dogs with naturally occurring insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2000;216(7):1076-81.
Kimmel, S. E., Michel, K. E., Hess, R. S., & Ward, C. R. (2000). Effects of insoluble and soluble dietary fiber on glycemic control in dogs with naturally occurring insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 216(7), 1076-81.
Kimmel SE, et al. Effects of Insoluble and Soluble Dietary Fiber On Glycemic Control in Dogs With Naturally Occurring Insulin-dependent Diabetes Mellitus. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2000 Apr 1;216(7):1076-81. PubMed PMID: 10754666.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of insoluble and soluble dietary fiber on glycemic control in dogs with naturally occurring insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. AU - Kimmel,S E, AU - Michel,K E, AU - Hess,R S, AU - Ward,C R, PY - 2000/4/8/pubmed PY - 2000/6/24/medline PY - 2000/4/8/entrez SP - 1076 EP - 81 JF - Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association JO - J Am Vet Med Assoc VL - 216 IS - 7 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of diets differing in type and quantity of fiber on glycemic control in dogs with naturally occurring insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. DESIGN: Prospective randomized crossover controlled trial. ANIMALS: 7 dogs with well-regulated naturally occurring insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. PROCEDURE: Dogs were fed 1 of 3 diets for 1 month each in 1 of 6 randomized diet sequences. Diets included a low-fiber diet (LF) and 2 high-fiber diets; 1 contained only insoluble fiber (HIF), and 1 contained soluble fiber in addition to insoluble fiber (HSF). Caloric intake was unchanged throughout the study. Glycemic control was assessed after each feeding trial by measuring serum fructosamine concentration and performing 5 serial measurements of blood glucose concentration every 2 hours after the morning feeding and insulin injection. RESULTS: Significant differences were not detected in body weight, required insulin dosage, or albumin concentration among dogs fed the HIF, HSF, and LF diets. Mean and maximum blood glucose concentrations and area under the blood glucose curve were significantly lower in dogs fed the HIF diet, compared with values in the same dogs fed the HSF or LF diet. Fructosamine concentration was significantly lower in dogs fed the HIF or HSF diet, compared with values in the same dogs fed the LF diet. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: In dogs with naturally occurring insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, a dry, high insoluble-fiber diet may aid in glycemic control. SN - 0003-1488 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/10754666/Effects_of_insoluble_and_soluble_dietary_fiber_on_glycemic_control_in_dogs_with_naturally_occurring_insulin_dependent_diabetes_mellitus_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -