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Does shy-inhibited temperament in childhood lead to anxiety problems in adolescence?
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2000 Apr; 39(4):461-8.JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To assess the relationships between shy-inhibited temperament in childhood and anxiety problems in early adolescence using a prospective, longitudinal data set from a large community sample.

METHOD

Relationships between shyness ratings on age-appropriate temperament scales and anxiety problems were analyzed, looking both forward and backward in time from infancy to adolescence.

RESULTS

Forty-two percent of children rated as shy on 6 or more occasions over 8 surveys in childhood had anxiety problems in adolescence, compared with 11% who were never shy. Persistence of shyness and its presence in middle childhood increased risk for anxiety. A highly reactive temperament added to shyness did not increase the risk for anxiety. Few children with an anxiety diagnosis in early adolescence had a history of shyness.

CONCLUSIONS

Prediction from childhood shyness to adolescent anxiety disorder is modest but clinically meaningful in a community sample. However, most shy children did not develop an anxiety disorder and most adolescents with anxiety disorders had not been especially shy.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, Royal Children's Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, Australia. priorm@cryptic.rch.unimelb.edu.auNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

10761348

Citation

Prior, M, et al. "Does Shy-inhibited Temperament in Childhood Lead to Anxiety Problems in Adolescence?" Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, vol. 39, no. 4, 2000, pp. 461-8.
Prior M, Smart D, Sanson A, et al. Does shy-inhibited temperament in childhood lead to anxiety problems in adolescence? J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2000;39(4):461-8.
Prior, M., Smart, D., Sanson, A., & Oberklaid, F. (2000). Does shy-inhibited temperament in childhood lead to anxiety problems in adolescence? Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 39(4), 461-8.
Prior M, et al. Does Shy-inhibited Temperament in Childhood Lead to Anxiety Problems in Adolescence. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2000;39(4):461-8. PubMed PMID: 10761348.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Does shy-inhibited temperament in childhood lead to anxiety problems in adolescence? AU - Prior,M, AU - Smart,D, AU - Sanson,A, AU - Oberklaid,F, PY - 2000/4/13/pubmed PY - 2000/5/8/medline PY - 2000/4/13/entrez SP - 461 EP - 8 JF - Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry JO - J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry VL - 39 IS - 4 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationships between shy-inhibited temperament in childhood and anxiety problems in early adolescence using a prospective, longitudinal data set from a large community sample. METHOD: Relationships between shyness ratings on age-appropriate temperament scales and anxiety problems were analyzed, looking both forward and backward in time from infancy to adolescence. RESULTS: Forty-two percent of children rated as shy on 6 or more occasions over 8 surveys in childhood had anxiety problems in adolescence, compared with 11% who were never shy. Persistence of shyness and its presence in middle childhood increased risk for anxiety. A highly reactive temperament added to shyness did not increase the risk for anxiety. Few children with an anxiety diagnosis in early adolescence had a history of shyness. CONCLUSIONS: Prediction from childhood shyness to adolescent anxiety disorder is modest but clinically meaningful in a community sample. However, most shy children did not develop an anxiety disorder and most adolescents with anxiety disorders had not been especially shy. SN - 0890-8567 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/10761348/Does_shy_inhibited_temperament_in_childhood_lead_to_anxiety_problems_in_adolescence L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0890-8567(09)66189-X DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -