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Effect of smoking on periodontal health in molar teeth.
J Periodontol. 2000 Mar; 71(3):433-7.JP

Abstract

BACKGROUND

It is generally accepted that the primary cause of periodontitis is bacterial infection of long duration. In addition, there are several risk factors that may increase the probability and severity of periodontitis. For example, an increased breakdown of alveolar bone has been observed in smokers compared to never-smokers. The objective of this study was to investigate the association between cigarette smoking and periodontal health, in particular, furcation involvement in molar teeth.

METHODS

One hundred twenty (120) adult regular dental patients, presenting with at least 20 teeth each, third molars excluded, were evaluated. Sixty of the subjects consumed an average (+/- SD) of 16.8 +/- 3.8 cigarettes daily and had smoked for 21.4 +/- 5.7 years. The remaining subjects presented a negative history of smoking. Periodontal conditions for the molar teeth were recorded at the first and second mandibular molar buccal furcation area.

RESULTS

Oral hygiene standards and dental care habits did not differ notably between smokers and never-smokers. Smokers exhibited significantly fewer molar teeth than never-smokers (2.2 +/- 1.1 versus 3.0 +/- 0.8; P<0.01). Also, smokers exhibited significantly advanced gingival recession, probing depth, clinical attachment loss, furcation involvement, and tooth mobility compared to never-smokers (P<0.01).

CONCLUSIONS

The results of this study suggest that long-term cigarette smoking significantly worsens periodontal health including degree and incidence of furcation involvement in molar teeth.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Oral Medicine and Periodontics, Mahidol University, Faculty of Dentistry, Bangkok, Thailand. dtvkd@mahidol.ac.thNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

10776931

Citation

Kerdvongbundit, V, and U M. Wikesjö. "Effect of Smoking On Periodontal Health in Molar Teeth." Journal of Periodontology, vol. 71, no. 3, 2000, pp. 433-7.
Kerdvongbundit V, Wikesjö UM. Effect of smoking on periodontal health in molar teeth. J Periodontol. 2000;71(3):433-7.
Kerdvongbundit, V., & Wikesjö, U. M. (2000). Effect of smoking on periodontal health in molar teeth. Journal of Periodontology, 71(3), 433-7.
Kerdvongbundit V, Wikesjö UM. Effect of Smoking On Periodontal Health in Molar Teeth. J Periodontol. 2000;71(3):433-7. PubMed PMID: 10776931.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effect of smoking on periodontal health in molar teeth. AU - Kerdvongbundit,V, AU - Wikesjö,U M, PY - 2000/4/25/pubmed PY - 2000/6/17/medline PY - 2000/4/25/entrez SP - 433 EP - 7 JF - Journal of periodontology JO - J Periodontol VL - 71 IS - 3 N2 - BACKGROUND: It is generally accepted that the primary cause of periodontitis is bacterial infection of long duration. In addition, there are several risk factors that may increase the probability and severity of periodontitis. For example, an increased breakdown of alveolar bone has been observed in smokers compared to never-smokers. The objective of this study was to investigate the association between cigarette smoking and periodontal health, in particular, furcation involvement in molar teeth. METHODS: One hundred twenty (120) adult regular dental patients, presenting with at least 20 teeth each, third molars excluded, were evaluated. Sixty of the subjects consumed an average (+/- SD) of 16.8 +/- 3.8 cigarettes daily and had smoked for 21.4 +/- 5.7 years. The remaining subjects presented a negative history of smoking. Periodontal conditions for the molar teeth were recorded at the first and second mandibular molar buccal furcation area. RESULTS: Oral hygiene standards and dental care habits did not differ notably between smokers and never-smokers. Smokers exhibited significantly fewer molar teeth than never-smokers (2.2 +/- 1.1 versus 3.0 +/- 0.8; P<0.01). Also, smokers exhibited significantly advanced gingival recession, probing depth, clinical attachment loss, furcation involvement, and tooth mobility compared to never-smokers (P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study suggest that long-term cigarette smoking significantly worsens periodontal health including degree and incidence of furcation involvement in molar teeth. SN - 0022-3492 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/10776931/Effect_of_smoking_on_periodontal_health_in_molar_teeth_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1902/jop.2000.71.3.433 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -