Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating peptide mediates inhibitory nonadrenergic noncholinergic relaxation.Eur J Pharmacol. 2000 Apr 21; 395(1):77-83.EJ
We investigated the contribution of pituitary adenylate cyclase activating peptide (PACAP) to inhibitory nonadrenergic noncholinergic (inhibitory-NANC) relaxation of tracheal smooth muscle in cats. We also investigated the roles of vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) and nitric oxide (NO) on this function. Smooth muscle strips prepared from feline trachea were precontracted with 1 microM serotonin, and inhibitory-NANC relaxation was induced by electrical-field stimulation in the presence of atropine and propranolol. PACAP-(6-38) (a selective antagonist of PACAP; 1, 3 and 10 microM), VIP-(10-28) (a selective antagonist of VIP; 1, 3 and 10 microM) and N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME, a selective NO synthase inhibitor; 3, 10 and 30 microM) each partially but significantly attenuated the amplitude of inhibitory-NANC relaxation. The effects of PACAP-(6-38) and VIP-(10-28) were additive. Addition of PACAP-(6-38) and/or VIP-(10-28) further attenuated relaxation in the presence of L-NAME. These results suggest that PACAP, VIP and NO contribute to the relaxation induced by inhibitory-NANC in tracheal smooth muscle in cats, and that they mediate this relaxation via different pathways.