Microglia, amyloid and dementia in alzheimer disease. A correlative study.Neurobiol Aging 2000 Jan-Feb; 21(1):39-47NA
To elucidate the role of microglia in Alzheimer's disease, a clinicopathological study was performed involving 26 cases, the mental status of which had been studied pre mortem by the Blessed test score (BTS). We measured the volume density of CD 68 immunoreactive (IR) microglia, congophilic plaques and Abeta deposits, and the numerical density of neurofibrillary tangles (NFT) in a sample of Area 9 (middle frontal gyrus). Dementia was significantly correlated only with the volume density of Abeta deposits and the numerical density of NFT. The volume densities of microglia and congophilic plaques were strongly correlated. With the intellectual status used as a time scale, IR microglia and amyloid deposits appeared almost simultaneously at an early stage in the pathological cascade and decreased, whereas Abeta and NFT were still accumulating. The intellectual deficit seemed to be more significantly related to the latter two lesions than to the microglia-amyloid complex, that was visible at an earlier stage (around BTS = 15).