Mosaic rearrangement of chromosome 18: characterization by FISH mapping and DNA studies shows trisomy 18p and monosomy 18p both of paternal origin.Am J Med Genet. 2000 May 15; 92(2):101-6.AJ
Structural abnormalities of chromosome 18p mainly consist of isochromosomes of the short arm, which result in tetrasomy 18p. Trisomy 18p is much rarer, and less well characterized. We report on a 12-year-old girl with minor facial anomalies, delayed development, abnormal hands, atopic dermatitis, and hearing loss. She was mosaic for two abnormal cell lines in peripheral blood. In 90% of cells, a dicentric chromosome with duplication of the whole short arm of chromosome 18 resulted in trisomy 18p; 10% of cells had monosomy 18p, arising from a t(14;18)(p11;q11). FISH mapping, with multiple region specific and locus specific probes from the short and long arm of chromosome 18, showed that the structure of the dicentric chromosome 18 was 18pter-->18q23::18q11-->18pter. DNA polymorphisms for chromosome 18 showed that the abnormalities of chromosome 18 were paternal in origin. Combining all results, we could link the trisomy 18p and monosomy 18p to a common origin via a complex series of events in an early mitosis.