[Humoral reaction to Bordetella pertussis antigens: pertussis toxin, filamentous hemagglutinin and lipopolysaccharide in children with clinical symptoms of whooping cough. II. Occurence and level of B. pertussis antigens in children with suspected whooping cough].Med Dosw Mikrobiol. 1999; 51(3-4):269-80.MD
The aim of this study was to determine and evaluate IgG, IgM and IgA levels to pertussis toxin (PT), filamentous hemagglutinin (FHA) and endotoxin (LPS) of B. pertussis in children with clinical symptoms of whooping cough. The serum samples obtained from 265 children (age range: 2 months-16 years) suspected of pertussis were examined by indirect haemagglutination (IH) and ELISA tests. Higher antibody level was most frequently observed in IgA class to PT, FHA and LPS in 45.3%, 35.1% and 66% of pertussis patients sera respectively. The least positive results were obtained in IgM class to PT and FHA (in 9.8% and 2.6% of children sera respectively) but in the case of LPS applied as the antigen in ELISA, higher IgM level was determined in 46.8% of pertussis patients sera. The four times increase of antibody level to LPS determined by IH was observed in 86.7% of children suspected of pertussis. Humoral response to B. pertussis infection is mainly connected with higher IgA level to PT, FHA, LPS and IgM to LPS in children with clinical symptoms of whooping cough.