Effect of sulfur dioxide inhalation on erythrocyte antioxidant status and lipid peroxidation in experimental diabetes.Diabetes Metab. 2000 Apr; 26(2):140-4.DM
The effect of sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) on red cell antioxidant status and lipid peroxidation was examined in this research. Forty healthy male albino rats, aged three months, were divided into four equal groups: Control (C), SO(2) +C (CSO(2)), diabetic (D) and SO(2) +D (DSO(2)). Experimental diabetes mellitus was induced by i.v injection of alloxan with a dose of 50 mg/kg body weight. Ten ppm SO(2) was administered to the animals of SO(2) exposed groups in an exposure chamber for one hr/day x 7 days/wk x 6wks while other groups were exposed to filtered air in the same condition. SO(2) exposure, while markedly decreasing Cu, Zn-Superoxide dismutase (Cu, Zn-SOD) activity, significantly increased glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), catalase (CAT), glutathione (GSH) and glutathione-s-transferase (GST) activities and TBARS values in CSO(2) and DSO(2) groups compared with their respective control groups. From these results, it could be concluded that adaptative changes occurred in antioxidant systems that may counteract the free radical effect of SO(2) in the experimental groups.