Ovarian mucinous cystadenocarcinoma as a cause of Zollinger-Ellison syndrome: report of a case and review of the literature.Am J Gastroenterol. 2000 May; 95(5):1348-51.AJ
Gastrin producing ovarian tumor is a rare cause of the Zollinger-Ellison syndrome. We report the case of an ovarian carcinoma showing increased plasma gastrin concentration. A 60-yr-old woman presented with epigastric pain and diarrhea. Physical examination showed a large mass in the lower abdomen. Computed tomography revealed a large multilocular ovarian cyst. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy examination showed multiple ulcerations of the stomach and duodenum. The plasma gastrin level was 1500 pg/ml. No tumors were found in the pancreas and duodenum, and salpingo-oophorectomy was performed. Histologic examination revealed a mucinous tumor of borderline malignant potential. Immunoperoxidase studies for gastrin showed many gastrin-producing cells within the epithelium of the tumor. There have been 11 cases (including our patient) of gastrin-producing ovarian tumor reported in the literature. We review here the relevant literature. Although ovarian gastrinoma is extremely rare, it should be considered as a possible cause of the Zollinger-Ellison syndrome in women.