The challenge of inner-city asthma.Curr Opin Pulm Med 1999; 5(1):27-34CO
Racial and ethnic minorities of low socioeconomic status residing in urban environments currently referred to as inner cities appear to represent a population that is disproportionately at high risk for asthma morbidity and mortality. Epidemiologic studies suggest that key risk factors contributing to asthma morbidity within the inner city include social demography, the physical environment (indoor and outdoor), and health care access and quality. This epidemiologic literature has helped to define opportunities for successful intervention strategies in these high-risk populations. Studies of the effectiveness of community-based and health system-based interventions with specific focus on inner-city populations are beginning to emerge in the literature.