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Saturated fat, vitamin C and smoking predict long-term population all-cause mortality rates in the Seven Countries Study.
Int J Epidemiol. 2000 Apr; 29(2):260-5.IJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The Seven Countries Study has shown that population mortality rates for various chronic diseases are related to diet and smoking. This paper addresses the associations between diet, smoking and 25-year all-cause mortality.

METHODS

Baseline surveys were carried out between 1958 and 1964 on 12,763 middle-aged men constituting 16 cohorts in seven countries. In 1987/88 equivalent food composites representing the average food intake of each cohort at baseline were collected and chemically analysed in one central laboratory. During 25 years of follow-up 5973 men died and age-adjusted population mortality rates were calculated for each cohort.

RESULTS

Multivariate linear regression analyses showed that the population intake of saturated fat and the prevalence of smoking were positively associated with population all-cause mortality rates. Population vitamin C intake was inversely associated with all-cause mortality. It was calculated that a reduction in saturated fat intake of 5% of energy, a 20 mg/d increase in vitamin C and a 10% decrease in the prevalence of smokers may decrease the 25-year all-cause population mortality rate by 12.4% (95% CI: 5.6, 19.4%) at an average population all-cause mortality rate of 45%.

CONCLUSION

At the population level saturated fat, vitamin C and cigarette smoking are important determinants of all-cause mortality.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Public Health Research, National Institute of Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands. daan.kromhout@RIVM.nlNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Multicenter Study
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

10817122

Citation

Kromhout, D, et al. "Saturated Fat, Vitamin C and Smoking Predict Long-term Population All-cause Mortality Rates in the Seven Countries Study." International Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 29, no. 2, 2000, pp. 260-5.
Kromhout D, Bloemberg B, Feskens E, et al. Saturated fat, vitamin C and smoking predict long-term population all-cause mortality rates in the Seven Countries Study. Int J Epidemiol. 2000;29(2):260-5.
Kromhout, D., Bloemberg, B., Feskens, E., Menotti, A., & Nissinen, A. (2000). Saturated fat, vitamin C and smoking predict long-term population all-cause mortality rates in the Seven Countries Study. International Journal of Epidemiology, 29(2), 260-5.
Kromhout D, et al. Saturated Fat, Vitamin C and Smoking Predict Long-term Population All-cause Mortality Rates in the Seven Countries Study. Int J Epidemiol. 2000;29(2):260-5. PubMed PMID: 10817122.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Saturated fat, vitamin C and smoking predict long-term population all-cause mortality rates in the Seven Countries Study. AU - Kromhout,D, AU - Bloemberg,B, AU - Feskens,E, AU - Menotti,A, AU - Nissinen,A, PY - 2000/5/19/pubmed PY - 2000/7/25/medline PY - 2000/5/19/entrez SP - 260 EP - 5 JF - International journal of epidemiology JO - Int J Epidemiol VL - 29 IS - 2 N2 - BACKGROUND: The Seven Countries Study has shown that population mortality rates for various chronic diseases are related to diet and smoking. This paper addresses the associations between diet, smoking and 25-year all-cause mortality. METHODS: Baseline surveys were carried out between 1958 and 1964 on 12,763 middle-aged men constituting 16 cohorts in seven countries. In 1987/88 equivalent food composites representing the average food intake of each cohort at baseline were collected and chemically analysed in one central laboratory. During 25 years of follow-up 5973 men died and age-adjusted population mortality rates were calculated for each cohort. RESULTS: Multivariate linear regression analyses showed that the population intake of saturated fat and the prevalence of smoking were positively associated with population all-cause mortality rates. Population vitamin C intake was inversely associated with all-cause mortality. It was calculated that a reduction in saturated fat intake of 5% of energy, a 20 mg/d increase in vitamin C and a 10% decrease in the prevalence of smokers may decrease the 25-year all-cause population mortality rate by 12.4% (95% CI: 5.6, 19.4%) at an average population all-cause mortality rate of 45%. CONCLUSION: At the population level saturated fat, vitamin C and cigarette smoking are important determinants of all-cause mortality. SN - 0300-5771 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/10817122/Saturated_fat_vitamin_C_and_smoking_predict_long_term_population_all_cause_mortality_rates_in_the_Seven_Countries_Study_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/ije/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/ije/29.2.260 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -