Osteogenic induction in hereditary disorders of heterotopic ossification.Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2000 MayCO
The formation of heterotopic bone within soft connective tissue is a common feature of at least three distinct genetic disorders of osteogenesis in humans: fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva; progressive osseous heteroplasia; and Albright hereditary osteodystrophy. The pathobiologic characteristics of osteogenic induction, the histopathologic features of osteogenesis, the anatomic distribution of heterotopic lesions, and the developmental patterns of disease progression differ among all three conditions. The molecular and cellular basis of redirecting a mature connective tissue phenotype to form bone is a remarkable biological phenomenon with enormous implications for the control of bone regeneration, fracture healing, and disorders of osteogenesis.