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Cancer incidence among Finnish world class male athletes.
Int J Sports Med. 2000 Apr; 21(3):216-20.IJ

Abstract

A cohort of 2269 male world class athletes from the years 1920-65 was followed up through the Finnish Cancer Registry for cancer incidence during 1967-95. There were 331 cases of cancer while the expected number based on the national cancer incidence rates was 404; the standardized incidence ratio (SIR) was 0.82 and its 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.73-0.91. There was a decreased risk of cancers of the lung (SIR 0.35, 95% CI 0.25-0.48), especially among endurance athletes (0.12, 0.01-0.41). This fits well with the low prevalence of smoking among the athletes. The SIR for kidney cancer was also significantly low (0.43, 0.16-0.93), possibly partly due to the better diet (more vegetables, less fat). Incidence of cancers not related to smoking was not reduced. None of the cancer sites showed a significant excess in the whole cohort but hurdlers had a significantly high relative risk of sarcomas of the bone and soft tissue which according to suggested causal mechanisms might be related e.g. to injuries during their active sport period. This as well as other observations without sound a priori hypotheses needs to be confirmed in more detailed analyses and in other data sets before final conclusions.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Finnish Cancer Registry, Helsinki. eero.pukkala@cancer.fiNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

10834356

Citation

Pukkala, E, et al. "Cancer Incidence Among Finnish World Class Male Athletes." International Journal of Sports Medicine, vol. 21, no. 3, 2000, pp. 216-20.
Pukkala E, Kaprio J, Koskenvuo M, et al. Cancer incidence among Finnish world class male athletes. Int J Sports Med. 2000;21(3):216-20.
Pukkala, E., Kaprio, J., Koskenvuo, M., Kujala, U., & Sarna, S. (2000). Cancer incidence among Finnish world class male athletes. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 21(3), 216-20.
Pukkala E, et al. Cancer Incidence Among Finnish World Class Male Athletes. Int J Sports Med. 2000;21(3):216-20. PubMed PMID: 10834356.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Cancer incidence among Finnish world class male athletes. AU - Pukkala,E, AU - Kaprio,J, AU - Koskenvuo,M, AU - Kujala,U, AU - Sarna,S, PY - 2000/6/2/pubmed PY - 2000/9/2/medline PY - 2000/6/2/entrez SP - 216 EP - 20 JF - International journal of sports medicine JO - Int J Sports Med VL - 21 IS - 3 N2 - A cohort of 2269 male world class athletes from the years 1920-65 was followed up through the Finnish Cancer Registry for cancer incidence during 1967-95. There were 331 cases of cancer while the expected number based on the national cancer incidence rates was 404; the standardized incidence ratio (SIR) was 0.82 and its 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.73-0.91. There was a decreased risk of cancers of the lung (SIR 0.35, 95% CI 0.25-0.48), especially among endurance athletes (0.12, 0.01-0.41). This fits well with the low prevalence of smoking among the athletes. The SIR for kidney cancer was also significantly low (0.43, 0.16-0.93), possibly partly due to the better diet (more vegetables, less fat). Incidence of cancers not related to smoking was not reduced. None of the cancer sites showed a significant excess in the whole cohort but hurdlers had a significantly high relative risk of sarcomas of the bone and soft tissue which according to suggested causal mechanisms might be related e.g. to injuries during their active sport period. This as well as other observations without sound a priori hypotheses needs to be confirmed in more detailed analyses and in other data sets before final conclusions. SN - 0172-4622 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/10834356/Cancer_incidence_among_Finnish_world_class_male_athletes_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -