Age-dependent association of apolipoprotein E genotypes with stroke subtypes in a Japanese rural population.Stroke 2000; 31(6):1299-306S
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE
The association between apolipoprotein E (apoE) polymorphisms and stroke has been controversial. These controversies may be due to inaccurate classification of stroke and differences in age ranges. We investigated the association between apoE genotypes and stroke subtypes (confirmed by CT or MRI findings) by case-control study in a Japanese rural population.
First-ever-stroke patients (n=322; cerebral infarction, n=201, intracerebral hemorrhage, n=84, and subarachnoid hemorrhage, n=37) aged 40 to 89 years were recruited from Hokuetsu Hospital, Japan. Healthy controls (n=1126) were selected from the general population in the same area. ApoE genotypes were determined by restriction fragment-length polymorphism analysis.
Compared with apoE epsilon3/epsilon3 subjects, epsilon2 carriers had a 2-fold risk of cerebral infarction (OR 1.9, 95% CI 1.1 to 3.2). Among cerebral infarction patients, epsilon2 carriers had increased risks of cortical infarction (OR 2.4, 95% CI 1.3 to 4.6) (an anatomic subtype) and atherothrombosis (OR 3.9, 95% CI 1.7 to 9.0) and cardioembolism (OR 4.9, 95% CI 1.6 to 14.4) but not lacunar infarction (clinical subtypes). ApoE epsilon4 carriers had a 2. 5-fold risk of subarachnoid hemorrhage (OR 2.5, 95% CI 1.1 to 5.4). ApoE epsilon2/epsilon2 subjects had an increased risk of intracerebral hemorrhage (OR 4.4, 95% CI 1.0 to 19.7). ApoE epsilon3/epsilon4 subjects showed approximately 2-fold increased risk of atherothrombosis (OR 2.1, 95% CI 1.0 to 4.1) and intracerebral hemorrhage (OR 1.8, 95% CI 1.0 to 3.3). The association between epsilon2 and stroke was accentuated in subjects aged 70 years or older but not in those aged 40 to 69 years.
Our study suggests that apoE epsilon2 is a risk factor for atherothrombosis, cardioembolism, and intracerebral hemorrhage, whereas epsilon4 is a risk factor for atherothrombosis, intracerebral hemorrhage, and subarachnoid hemorrhage. The occurrence of stroke may be affected by interaction between age and apoE gene polymorphisms.