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Anxiety, depression, and nature of acne vulgaris in adolescents.
Int J Dermatol. 2000 May; 39(5):354-7.IJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The reported prevalence of acne in adolescence is variable; improved treatment may have modified its prevalence and severity; acne has been related to psychiatric morbidity for many years.

METHODS

Two thousand six hundred and fifty-seven high school students were examined, and adolescents with acne were interviewed about the subject of acne vulgaris. The severity of acne was graded using the Global Acne Grading System (GAGS). The Hospital Anxiety and Depression (HAD) scale was evaluated for one of every two subjects with acne (n = 308) and for the same number of sex-matched control subjects (n = 308) to determine the prevalence of depression and anxiety.

RESULTS

Six hundred and fifteen of the subjects (23. 1%) were determined to have acne. Acne prevalence in girls and boys was 16.1% and 29.2%, respectively (P < 0.001). Two hundred and twenty-five (15.8%) of 1424 boys and only 109 (8.8%) of 1233 girls had moderate or severe/very severe acne (P < 0.001), but the GAGS scores in the groups of boys and girls with acne were not significantly different. The acne and control groups showed no significant differences in the HAD anxiety and depression subscale scores. The HAD anxiety subscale scores of girls were significantly higher than those of boys in the acne group. The severity of acne was not correlated with the HAD anxiety or depression subscale scores.

CONCLUSIONS

Acne results in higher anxiety in adolescent girls. Although acne and moderate/severe acne are more common in adolescent boys, the severity of acne was found to be similar in boys and girls with acne. Adolescent girls are more vulnerable than boys to the negative psychological effects of acne.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Dermatology, Pamukkale University Faculty of Medicine, Denizli, Turkey.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

10849125

Citation

Aktan, S, et al. "Anxiety, Depression, and Nature of Acne Vulgaris in Adolescents." International Journal of Dermatology, vol. 39, no. 5, 2000, pp. 354-7.
Aktan S, Ozmen E, Sanli B. Anxiety, depression, and nature of acne vulgaris in adolescents. Int J Dermatol. 2000;39(5):354-7.
Aktan, S., Ozmen, E., & Sanli, B. (2000). Anxiety, depression, and nature of acne vulgaris in adolescents. International Journal of Dermatology, 39(5), 354-7.
Aktan S, Ozmen E, Sanli B. Anxiety, Depression, and Nature of Acne Vulgaris in Adolescents. Int J Dermatol. 2000;39(5):354-7. PubMed PMID: 10849125.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Anxiety, depression, and nature of acne vulgaris in adolescents. AU - Aktan,S, AU - Ozmen,E, AU - Sanli,B, PY - 2000/6/10/pubmed PY - 2000/7/25/medline PY - 2000/6/10/entrez SP - 354 EP - 7 JF - International journal of dermatology JO - Int J Dermatol VL - 39 IS - 5 N2 - BACKGROUND: The reported prevalence of acne in adolescence is variable; improved treatment may have modified its prevalence and severity; acne has been related to psychiatric morbidity for many years. METHODS: Two thousand six hundred and fifty-seven high school students were examined, and adolescents with acne were interviewed about the subject of acne vulgaris. The severity of acne was graded using the Global Acne Grading System (GAGS). The Hospital Anxiety and Depression (HAD) scale was evaluated for one of every two subjects with acne (n = 308) and for the same number of sex-matched control subjects (n = 308) to determine the prevalence of depression and anxiety. RESULTS: Six hundred and fifteen of the subjects (23. 1%) were determined to have acne. Acne prevalence in girls and boys was 16.1% and 29.2%, respectively (P < 0.001). Two hundred and twenty-five (15.8%) of 1424 boys and only 109 (8.8%) of 1233 girls had moderate or severe/very severe acne (P < 0.001), but the GAGS scores in the groups of boys and girls with acne were not significantly different. The acne and control groups showed no significant differences in the HAD anxiety and depression subscale scores. The HAD anxiety subscale scores of girls were significantly higher than those of boys in the acne group. The severity of acne was not correlated with the HAD anxiety or depression subscale scores. CONCLUSIONS: Acne results in higher anxiety in adolescent girls. Although acne and moderate/severe acne are more common in adolescent boys, the severity of acne was found to be similar in boys and girls with acne. Adolescent girls are more vulnerable than boys to the negative psychological effects of acne. SN - 0011-9059 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/10849125/Anxiety_depression_and_nature_of_acne_vulgaris_in_adolescents_ L2 - https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/openurl?genre=article&amp;sid=nlm:pubmed&amp;issn=0011-9059&amp;date=2000&amp;volume=39&amp;issue=5&amp;spage=354 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -