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The effects of word co-occurrence on short-term memory: associative links in long-term memory affect short-term memory performance.
J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 2000; 26(3):796-802JE

Abstract

In immediate serial recall tasks, high-frequency words are recalled better than low-frequency words. This has been attributed to high-frequency words' being better represented and providing more effective support to a redintegration process at retrieval (C. Hulme et al., 1997). In studies of free recall, there is evidence that frequency of word co-occurrence, rather than word frequency per se, may explain the recall advantage enjoyed by high-frequency words (J. Deese, 1960). The authors present evidence that preexposing pairs of low-frequency words, so as to create associative links between them, has substantial beneficial effects on immediate serial recall performance. These benefits, which are not attributable to simple familiarization with the words per se, do not occur for high-frequency words. These findings indicate that associative links between items in long-term memory have important effects on short-term memory performance and suggest that the effects of word frequency in short-term memory tasks are related to differences in interitem associations in long-term memory.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, University of York, United Kingdom. g.p.stuart@uel.ac.ukNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

10855432

Citation

Stuart, G, and C Hulme. "The Effects of Word Co-occurrence On Short-term Memory: Associative Links in Long-term Memory Affect Short-term Memory Performance." Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition, vol. 26, no. 3, 2000, pp. 796-802.
Stuart G, Hulme C. The effects of word co-occurrence on short-term memory: associative links in long-term memory affect short-term memory performance. J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn. 2000;26(3):796-802.
Stuart, G., & Hulme, C. (2000). The effects of word co-occurrence on short-term memory: associative links in long-term memory affect short-term memory performance. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 26(3), pp. 796-802.
Stuart G, Hulme C. The Effects of Word Co-occurrence On Short-term Memory: Associative Links in Long-term Memory Affect Short-term Memory Performance. J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn. 2000;26(3):796-802. PubMed PMID: 10855432.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The effects of word co-occurrence on short-term memory: associative links in long-term memory affect short-term memory performance. AU - Stuart,G, AU - Hulme,C, PY - 2000/6/16/pubmed PY - 2000/9/30/medline PY - 2000/6/16/entrez SP - 796 EP - 802 JF - Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition JO - J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn VL - 26 IS - 3 N2 - In immediate serial recall tasks, high-frequency words are recalled better than low-frequency words. This has been attributed to high-frequency words' being better represented and providing more effective support to a redintegration process at retrieval (C. Hulme et al., 1997). In studies of free recall, there is evidence that frequency of word co-occurrence, rather than word frequency per se, may explain the recall advantage enjoyed by high-frequency words (J. Deese, 1960). The authors present evidence that preexposing pairs of low-frequency words, so as to create associative links between them, has substantial beneficial effects on immediate serial recall performance. These benefits, which are not attributable to simple familiarization with the words per se, do not occur for high-frequency words. These findings indicate that associative links between items in long-term memory have important effects on short-term memory performance and suggest that the effects of word frequency in short-term memory tasks are related to differences in interitem associations in long-term memory. SN - 0278-7393 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/10855432/The_effects_of_word_co_occurrence_on_short_term_memory:_associative_links_in_long_term_memory_affect_short_term_memory_performance_ L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/xlm/26/3/796 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -