Effect of cytokines and growth factors on the macrophage colony-stimulating factor secretion by human bone marrow stromal cells.Cytokine. 2000 May; 12(5):522-5.C
We have investigated the effect of growth factors, inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines on the macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) secretion by cultured human bone marrow stromal cells. Their production of M-CSF cultured in serum-free medium is enhanced in a time-dependent manner in response to tumour necrosis factor (TNF-)alpha and interleukin (IL-)4 but not to IL-1, IL-3, IL-6, IL-7, IL-10, SCF, granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), G-CSF, bFGF and transforming growth factor (TGF-)beta. The co-addition of IL-4 and TNF-alpha has a greater than additive effect on the secretion of M-CSF suggesting that they act synergistically. The anti-inflammatory molecules IL-10 and TGF-beta have no effect on the TNF-alpha-induced M-CSF synthesis by marrow stromal cells. In conclusion TNF-alpha and IL-4 are potent stimulators of the M-CSF synthesis by human bone marrow stromal cells, a result of importance regarding the role of M-CSF in the proliferation/differentiation of mononuclear-phagocytic cells and the role of marrow stromal cells as regulators of marrow haematopoiesis.