[Recurrence of catamenial pneumothorax after surgical treatment].Nihon Kokyuki Gakkai Zasshi 2000; 38(4):278-82NK
We reported a case of catamenial pneumothorax that was recurrent after surgical treatment. A 43-year-old woman had sudden chest pain and dyspnea during menstruation. Right pneumothorax and pleural effusion were pointed out on chest X-ray films. When the patient was 31 years old, she received a diagnosis of catamenial pneumothorax and underwent thoracotomy for resection of diaphragmatic endometriosis. However, after surgery she experienced recurrence of right pneumothorax, and was accordingly treated with danazol. The patient decided to terminate medication by herself because her symptoms had disappeared. Several years after the cessation of medication, she experienced chest pain frequently during menstruation, but did not seek a medical check-up. She visited our department because of persistent chest pain in 1997. After the patient was hospitalized, pneumothorax was diagnosed and continuous drainage was performed. Although pneumothorax was alleviated by drainage, it recurred during the patient's next menstrual period. Open lung surgery was performed. Diaphragmatic endometriosis with a small hole and inflammatory thickened lesions on the visceral pleura of the lower lobe (S 6) were found and excised. Microscopic examination of the excised specimens showed endometriosis. Visceral pleural endometriosis has been histologically demonstrated in very few cases. After surgery, hormonal therapy was started. The patient has been well for 12 months without recurrence of pneumothorax. Both surgical and hormonal treatment were considered necessary for the treatment of catamenial pneumothorax in this case.