Mechanisms of nitric oxide-independent relaxations induced by carbachol and acetylcholine in rat isolated renal arteries.Br J Pharmacol. 2000 Jul; 130(6):1191-200.BJ
1. In rat isolated renal artery segments contracted with 0.1 microM phenylephrine and in the presence of the NO synthase inhibitor N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), carbachol and acetylcholine produced endothelium-dependent relaxations. The mechanisms underlying these relaxations were studied. 2. These relaxations were not affected by ODQ (1H-[1,2,4]oxadiazolo[4,3, -a]quinoxalin-1-one) or indomethacin. In arteries contracted with 20 - 30 mM K(+), L-NAME-resistant relaxations induced by carbachol and acetylcholine were virtually absent. 3. The Na(+)-K(+) ATPase inhibitor ouabain reduced these relaxations in a concentration-dependent manner. 4. In K(+)-free media, addition of K(+) (5 mM) produced 90. 5+/-3.9% (n=3) relaxation of phenylephrine-induced tone. This relaxation was endothelium-independent and ouabain-sensitive. 5. Tetraethylammonium (TEA), charybdotoxin (ChTX) and iberiotoxin (IbTX) reduced the sensitivity of carbachol-induced relaxations, but did not change the maximal response. These relaxations were not altered by 4-aminopyridine (4-AP), glibenclamide or apamin. Acetylcholine (1 microM)-induced relaxation was reduced by ChTX, but not by TEA or IbTX. 6. The cytochrome P450 inhibitor miconazole, but not 17-octadecynoic acid, reduced the sensitivity of carbachol-induced relaxations, without changing the maximal response. 7. In conclusion, in rat isolated renal arteries, acetylcholine and carbachol produced a non-NO/non-PGI(2) relaxation which is mediated by an endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF). This factor does not appear to be a cytochrome P450 metabolite. The inhibition by ouabain of these relaxations suggests the possible involvement of Na(+)-K(+) ATPase activation in EDHF responses, although other mechanisms cannot be totally ruled out.