Reduction in left ventricular hypertrophy in hypertensive patients treated with enalapril, losartan or the combination of enalapril and losartan.Arq Bras Cardiol. 2000 Feb; 74(2):103-17.AB
To compare the regression of left ventricular hypertrophy in patients with moderate hypertension treated with enalapril, losartan or a combination of the two drugs at lower doses.
Patients of both sexes with moderate hypertension confirmed by ambulatory monitoring of arterial blood pressure and with left ventricular hypertrophy on echocardiogram were assigned to three groups: enalapril (35 mg/day, n=15), losartan (175 mg/day, n=15) and enalapril losartan (15 mg+100 mg/day, n=16). The patients received the drugs for 10 months.
The three therapeutic regimens were equally effective in reducing blood pressure and left ventricular mass index (LVMI, g/m2): 141+/-3.9 to 123+/-3.6 in the enalapril group (p<0.05), from 147+/-3.8 to 133+/-2.8 in the losartan group (p<0.05), and from 146+/-3.0 to 116+/-4.0 in the enalapril+losartan group (p<0.05). However, the percent reduction of LVMI was significantly greater (p<0.01) in the enalapril+losartan group (20.5+/-5.0%) than in enalapril (12.4+/-3.2%) and the losartan (9.1+/-2.1%) groups. Normalization of LVMI was obtained in 10 out of the 16 patients who received enalapril+ losartan, in 6 out of the 15 patients who received only enalapril and in 4 out of the 15 patients treated with losartan.
The combination of an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor and an angiotensin II receptor antagonist (AT1 receptor antagonist) in patients produced an additional effect on the reduction of left ventricular hypertrophy. This finding may depend on a more complete inhibition of the cardiac renin-angiotensin.