Prevalence of asthma, allergic rhinitis, and eczema in 13- to 14-year-old children in Kuwait: an ISAAC study. International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood.Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2000 Jul; 85(1):58-63.AA
To determine the prevalence of asthma and allergic diseases in 13 to 14 years old children in Kuwait.
Supervised self-administered written and video questionnaires of the international study of asthma and allergies in childhood (ISAAC).
Students at third and fourth years from 40 intermediate level schools chosen randomly from across Kuwait.
3,110 students were surveyed. The prevalence rates (95% CI) in the written questionnaire for wheeze ever, current wheeze (within the last 12 months), and physician diagnosis of asthma are 25.9% (24.5 to 27.4), 16.1% (15.8 to 17.4), and 16.8% (15.5 to 18.1) respectively. The prevalence rates (95% CI) for symptoms of allergic rhinitis (AR) ever, current symptoms of allergic rhinitis (AR), and diagnosis of AR are 43.9% (42.2 to 45.6), 30.7% (29.1 to 32.4) and 17.1% (14.8 to 18.4) respectively. The prevalence rates (95% CI) for itchy rash ever, current itchy rash, and diagnosis of eczema are 17.5% (16.2 to 18.8), 12.6% (11.4 to 13.8), and 11.3% (10.2 to 12.4) respectively. The prevalence of wheeze ever, wheeze during the last year, and physician diagnosis of asthma are higher in males compared with females, P < .01. In multiple logistic regression: male gender (OR 1.6, 95% CI, 1.3 to 2.0) and diagnosis of AR (OR 1.7, 95% CI, 1.4 to 2.2) were associated with the physician diagnosis of asthma even after controlling for symptoms of asthma.
This is the first study on the prevalence of allergic diseases in Kuwait and it shows that children in Kuwait have a moderate prevalence of asthma, AR, and eczema compared with other countries where the ISAAC study is done. The prevalence of asthma is higher in boys compared with girls.