Fluvastatin inhibits basal and stimulated plasminogen activator inhibitor 1, but induces tissue type plasminogen activator in cultured human endothelial cells.Thromb Haemost 2000; 84(1):59-64TH
The effects of fluvastatin, a synthetic hydroxymethylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) inhibitor, on the biosynthesis of tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) and of its major physiological inhibitor (plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1, PAI-1) were investigated in cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). Fluvastatin (0.1 to 2.5 microM), concentration-dependently reduced the release of PAI-1 antigen by unstimulated HUVEC, subsequent to a reduction in PAI-1 steady-state mRNA levels and de novo protein synthesis. In contrast, it increased t-PA secretion. The drug also reduced PAI-1 antigen secreted in response to 10 microg/ml bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS), 100 U/ml tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) or 0.1 microM phorbol myristate acetate (PMA). Mevalonate (100 microM), a precursor of isoprenoids, added to cells simultaneously with fluvastatin, suppressed the effect of the drug on PAI-1 both in unstimulated and stimulated cells as well as on t-PA antigen. Among intermediates of the isoprenoid pathway, all-transgeranylgeraniol (5 microM) but not farnesol (10 microM) prevented the effect of 2.5 microM fluvastatin on PAI-1 antigen, which suggests that the former intermediate of the isoprenoid synthesis is responsible for the observed effects.