Hydroxyethylstarch 10% is superior to Ringer's solution for preloading before spinal anesthesia for Cesarean section.Can J Anaesth 2000; 47(7):616-21CJ
To compare the preloading effect of 500 ml hydroxyethylstarch (HES) 10% with 1 L Lactated Ringer's solution (LR).
In 40 healthy women undergoing elective Cesarean section HES, 500 ml (n = 20), or LR, IL (n = 20), was administered during 10 min before spinal anesthesia. The incidence of hypotension, (systolic blood pressure < 80% of baseline and < 100 mm Hg), and the amount of ephedrine used to treat it were compared. Also, the incidence of nausea and/or vomiting were recorded. Neonatal outcome was assessed using Apgar scores and umbilical venous and arterial blood gases.
The incidence of hypotension was higher in the LR than in HES group (80% vs 40%). Mean minimum systolic blood pressure was lower in the LR than in the HES group (86.1 +/- 12.7 mm Hg vs 99.6 +/- 9.7 mm Hg P < 0.05). Systolic blood pressure < 90 mmHg occurred in two of 20 patients (10%) who received HES vs 11 of 20 patients (55%) who received LR (P < 0.05). More doses of ephedrine were required to treat hypotension in the LRthan in the HES group (35.3 +/- 18.4 mg vs 10.6 +/- 8.6 mg; P < 0.05). The incidence of nausea and/or vomiting was lower in the HES than in the crystalloid group. Neonatal outcome was good and similar in both groups.
Preloading patients undergoing elective Cesarean section with 500 ml HES 10%, decreases the incidence and severity of spinal-induced hypotension more than preloading with 1 L of LR solution.