A cellular protein, hnRNP H, binds to the negative regulator of splicing element from Rous sarcoma virus.J Biol Chem. 2000 Oct 13; 275(41):32371-8.JB
Incomplete RNA splicing is a key feature of the retroviral life cycle. This is in contrast to the processing of most cellular pre-mRNAs, which are usually spliced to completion. In Rous sarcoma virus, splicing control is achieved in part through a cis-acting RNA element termed the negative regulator of splicing (NRS). The NRS is functionally divided into two parts termed NRS5' and NRS3', which bind a number of splicing factors. The U1 and U11 small nuclear ribonucleoproteins interact with sequences in NRS3', whereas NRS5' binds several proteins including members of the SR [corrected] family of proteins. Among the proteins that specifically bind NRS5' is a previously unidentified 55-kDa protein (p55). In this report we describe the isolation and identification of p55. The p55 binding site was localized by UV cross-linking to a 31-nucleotide segment, and a protein that binds specifically to it was isolated by RNA affinity selection and identified by mass spectrometry as hnRNP H. Antibodies against hnRNP H immunoprecipitated cross-linked p55 and induced a supershift of a p55-containing complex formed in HeLa nuclear extract. Furthermore, UV cross-linking and electrophoretic mobility shift assays indicated that recombinant hnRNP H specifically interacts with the p55 binding site, confirming that hnRNP H is p55. The possible roles of hnRNP H in NRS function are discussed.