Tau pathology in diffuse neurofibrillary tangles with calcification (DNTC): biochemical and immunohistochemical investigation.Neuroreport. 2000 Aug 03; 11(11):2473-7.N
Diffuse neurofibrillary tangles with calcification (DNTC) represents a primary and sporadic presenile dementia that is characterized by temporal or fronto-temporal atrophy with diffuse neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs), neuropil threads and Fahr-type calcification without senile plaques. We examined the tau pathology in five autopsy cases of DNTC by immunoblotting and immunohistochemistry using phosphorylation-dependent and -independent anti-tau antibodies. The pattern of staining for different epitopes of beta-amyloid (A beta) was also investigated. NFTs were immunopositive with all the anti-tau antibodies used in this study. On the immunoblots, sarkosyl-insoluble tau appeared as three major bands of 60, 64 and 68 kDa, and as a minor band at 72 kDa. The majority of extracellular NFTs were weakly immunopositive only with the antibody recognizing the 40 carboxyl-terminal of A beta in DNTC. These results suggest that Alzheimer's disease-like tau pathology could exist independently of A beta deposits in DNTC.