[Paraesophageal hiatal hernia of the diaphragm].Acta Chir Iugosl. 1995-1996; 42-43(2-1):151-3.AC
Paraesophageal hernia (type II hiatal hernia) accounts for less than 5-10% of all herniation through the esophageal hiatus. Anatomically, it is distinguished from the more common sliding variety (type I hiatal hernia) by the position of the gastroesophageal junction. The management of paraesophageal hiatal hernia is influenced by the tendency of the herniated stomach to develop volvulus, which potentiates life-threatening complications that include complete gastric obstruction, bleeding, infarction and perforation. In a cases with gastroesophageal reflux one of the antireflux procedures had to be done. In the Institute of Digestive Diseases, in the 16 years period from 1980-1996, 37 patients had treated of paraesophageal hernia. Authors discuss their management strategies, especially the using of antireflux procedures.