[The popliteal artery entrapment syndrome].Acta Chir Iugosl. 1997-1998; 44-45(1-1):53-8.AC
The authors are presenting 8 patients with 9 cases of popliteal artery entrapment syndrome. There were one female, and 7 male patients with average age of 36.4 (25-54) years. Six cases were manifested with acute, 2 with chronic foot ischemia, while one case was asymptomatic. For diagnosis a combination of Doppler sonography and transfemoral angiography, was used. Eight cases were operated using posterior, while in one medial approach to the popliteal artery. The types I and IV of the popliteal artery entrapment syndrome were found in one case, type II in two cases, type III in 4 cases, while in one case a type of syndrome had not to be identified. During the operation the resection of the anomalous muscle and reconstruction of the popliteal artery, were done in 8 cases. In one case muscle resection or arterial reconstruction, were not necessary. The early potency rate and limb salvage, were 100%, while long term potency rate after mean follow up period of 6.3 years was 83.5%. The acute or chronic foot ischemia in health, young persons without typical atherosclerotical risk factors, suggests on popliteal artery entrapment syndrome.