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Gene transfer of endothelial nitric oxide isoform decreases rat hindlimb vascular resistance in vivo.
Hum Gene Ther. 2000 Aug 10; 11(12):1637-46.HG

Abstract

The objective of this study was to design a methodology of gene transfer into a resistance vascular bed and to show if such a method can be used to examine the physiological function of a given gene product in vivo. We developed such a method and validated it by defining the role in vivo of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS). In a constant flow perfused rat hindlimb, gene transfer to the vascular endothelium was accomplished by incubating a "first-generation" serotype 5, replication-deficient, adenoviral vector (1.2 X 10(9) plaque-forming units/ml) containing cDNA encoding either the eNOS or the beta-galactosidase (beta-Gal) gene in the hindlimb vasculature for 30 min. Five days after infection, immunohistochemical staining for eNOS localized recombinant gene expression to vascular endothelial cells and eNOS protein levels were increased fourfold (11.9 +/- 6.6 vs. 2.9 +/- 1.3 intensity units/microg protein, n = 4, p < 0.05). Perfusion pressures were measured at different flow rates (10-50 ml/min). In addition, basal and acetylcholine (ACh)-stimulated vascular resistance (VR) in phenylephrine (PE)-precontracted (100 microM) hindlimb was measured at constant flow. There were flow-dependent increases (p < 0.05) in perfusion pressure. Overexpression of eNOS shifted the pressure-flow curve downward and administration of N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) shifted the curve upward. Compared with beta-Gal-transfected rats, PE-induced VR decreased (p < 0.05) in eNOS-transfected rats (100 +/- 27 vs. 164 +/- 49 mmHg, n = 5). Addition of 100 microM L-NAME increased (p < 0.05) PE-induced VR in both eNOS-transfected and control rats (145 +/- 50 and 232 +/- 38 mmHg, n = 5, p < 0.05), respectively, which was partially abolished by L-arginine pretreatment. ACh-induced vasorelaxation was increased 45% (p < 0.05) in eNOS-transfected hindlimbs. L-NAME decreased (p < 0.05) ACh-induced vasorelaxation by 58% in eNOS-transfected hindlimbs versus 25% in beta-Gal-transfected hindlimbs (p < 0.05). We used this gene transfer method to examine the physiological function of a gene product in vivo and showed that (1) the flow-pressure relationship in the hindlimb vascular bed is NO dependent and (2) the eNOS enzyme modulates NO-mediated vasorelaxation in the rat hindlimb resistance arteries in vivo.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Internal Medicine, Southern Arizona VA Health Care System and University of Arizona Sarver Heart Center, Tucson 85723, USA. mgaballa@u.arizona.eduNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

10954898

Citation

Gaballa, M A., and S Goldman. "Gene Transfer of Endothelial Nitric Oxide Isoform Decreases Rat Hindlimb Vascular Resistance in Vivo." Human Gene Therapy, vol. 11, no. 12, 2000, pp. 1637-46.
Gaballa MA, Goldman S. Gene transfer of endothelial nitric oxide isoform decreases rat hindlimb vascular resistance in vivo. Hum Gene Ther. 2000;11(12):1637-46.
Gaballa, M. A., & Goldman, S. (2000). Gene transfer of endothelial nitric oxide isoform decreases rat hindlimb vascular resistance in vivo. Human Gene Therapy, 11(12), 1637-46.
Gaballa MA, Goldman S. Gene Transfer of Endothelial Nitric Oxide Isoform Decreases Rat Hindlimb Vascular Resistance in Vivo. Hum Gene Ther. 2000 Aug 10;11(12):1637-46. PubMed PMID: 10954898.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Gene transfer of endothelial nitric oxide isoform decreases rat hindlimb vascular resistance in vivo. AU - Gaballa,M A, AU - Goldman,S, PY - 2000/8/24/pubmed PY - 2000/10/14/medline PY - 2000/8/24/entrez SP - 1637 EP - 46 JF - Human gene therapy JO - Hum Gene Ther VL - 11 IS - 12 N2 - The objective of this study was to design a methodology of gene transfer into a resistance vascular bed and to show if such a method can be used to examine the physiological function of a given gene product in vivo. We developed such a method and validated it by defining the role in vivo of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS). In a constant flow perfused rat hindlimb, gene transfer to the vascular endothelium was accomplished by incubating a "first-generation" serotype 5, replication-deficient, adenoviral vector (1.2 X 10(9) plaque-forming units/ml) containing cDNA encoding either the eNOS or the beta-galactosidase (beta-Gal) gene in the hindlimb vasculature for 30 min. Five days after infection, immunohistochemical staining for eNOS localized recombinant gene expression to vascular endothelial cells and eNOS protein levels were increased fourfold (11.9 +/- 6.6 vs. 2.9 +/- 1.3 intensity units/microg protein, n = 4, p < 0.05). Perfusion pressures were measured at different flow rates (10-50 ml/min). In addition, basal and acetylcholine (ACh)-stimulated vascular resistance (VR) in phenylephrine (PE)-precontracted (100 microM) hindlimb was measured at constant flow. There were flow-dependent increases (p < 0.05) in perfusion pressure. Overexpression of eNOS shifted the pressure-flow curve downward and administration of N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) shifted the curve upward. Compared with beta-Gal-transfected rats, PE-induced VR decreased (p < 0.05) in eNOS-transfected rats (100 +/- 27 vs. 164 +/- 49 mmHg, n = 5). Addition of 100 microM L-NAME increased (p < 0.05) PE-induced VR in both eNOS-transfected and control rats (145 +/- 50 and 232 +/- 38 mmHg, n = 5, p < 0.05), respectively, which was partially abolished by L-arginine pretreatment. ACh-induced vasorelaxation was increased 45% (p < 0.05) in eNOS-transfected hindlimbs. L-NAME decreased (p < 0.05) ACh-induced vasorelaxation by 58% in eNOS-transfected hindlimbs versus 25% in beta-Gal-transfected hindlimbs (p < 0.05). We used this gene transfer method to examine the physiological function of a gene product in vivo and showed that (1) the flow-pressure relationship in the hindlimb vascular bed is NO dependent and (2) the eNOS enzyme modulates NO-mediated vasorelaxation in the rat hindlimb resistance arteries in vivo. SN - 1043-0342 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/10954898/Gene_transfer_of_endothelial_nitric_oxide_isoform_decreases_rat_hindlimb_vascular_resistance_in_vivo_ L2 - https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/10430340050111296?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&amp;rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&amp;rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -