[Selective proximal vagotomy in combination with drainage operations in duodenal ulcers].Khirurgiia (Mosk) 2000; (7):37-40K
From 1989 to May 1999 selective proximal vagotomy (SPV) was performed in 400 patients with duodenal ulcer, 190 (47.5%) of them had pyloric stenosis. Various drainage operations were performed in 180 patients with stenosis, in 10 patients compensated pyloric stenosis was eliminated by excision of the scars around the ulcer. Out of 210 patients without pyloric stenosis drainage operations were performed in 23 (11.0%) patients with large penetrating duodenal ulcers, which at healing could cause stenosis. The best results were received after SPV in combination with drainage operations, which save the pyloric mechanism of gastric evacuation--transverse duodenojejunostomy (5) and duodenoplasty (15); the results after them do not differ from results after SPV without drainage operations.