[Diagnosis and therapy of acute altitude sickness].Wien Med Wochenschr. 2000; 150(8-9):169-74.WM
Today we distinguish cerebral (acute mountain sickness AMS, high altitude cerebral edema HACE) and pulmonal (high altitude pulmonary edema HAPE) altitude disorders. Incidence, predisposition and risk factors of all kinds of altitude sickness vary both individually and geographically. For practical reasons the leading symptoms are essential: altitude headache, ataxia and sudden loss of strength. Depending on the severity of symptoms the main emergency measures are: rest, descent or evacuation, warmth. Additional therapeutical measures can be helpful if a sudden evacuation to lower altitudes is delayed: oxygen, portable hyperbaric chamber, ibuprofen/naproxen, nifedipine, dexamethasone. Acetazolamide should not be used as an emergency therapy any more.